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About this book
About this book
Examines how successful community based approaches have been in their twin objectives of conserving African environments and improving rural livelihoods.
Part 1 Setting the scene: conservation and communities, William Adams and D. Hulme; community conservation from concept to practice - a practical framework, Edmund Barrow and Marshall Murphree. Part 2 Conservation policies and institutions: the evolution of policy in Namibia and Zimbabwe, Brian Jones and M. Murphree; community conservation in East Africa, Edmund Barrow et al; the political economy of community conservation policy in Mozambique, Simon Anstey; reforming a conservation bureaucracy in Tanzania, Patrick Bergin. Part 3 Parks and people revisited -community conservation as projected area outreach: Lake Mburo National Park, Uganda, D. Hulme and Mark Infield; Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Uganda, William Adams and Mark Infield; Tarangire National Park, Tanzania (1992-97), Kadzo Kangwana and Rafael Ole Mako. Part 4 Developing management: the evolution of a community-based approach to wildlife management at Kunene, Namibia, Brian Jones; community conservation and private business (Mahenye, Zimbabwe), M. Murphree; community conservation designed by the community (Mozambique), Simon Anstey and Camila de Sousa. Part 5 Economics, incentives and institutional change: the nature of benefits and the benefits of nature, Lucy Emerton; economic incentives and institutional change in Zimbabwe, Ivan Bond; committees, rights, costs and benefits (Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE programme), James Murombedzi. Part 6 Measuring and monitoring conservation: can community conservation strategies meet the conservation agenda?, Kadzo Kangwana; participatory natural resource management - implications for conservation, Russell Taylor. Part 7 Conclusions: the future of community conservation; community conservation and beyond.
336 pages, Figs, tabs, maps
'...this book is valuable for the honest and hard-hitting examination it gives community conservation. We learn that it will be difficult to provide meaningful returns from wildlife unless wildlife densities are high; that conservation is costly to communities, and it is hard for benefits to match these costs; and that it is difficult to discover whether community conservation benefits the ecosystems it sets out to protect. These are thorny problems...' - Dan Brockington in African Affairs 'This book is a must for all who are working on community conservation, scholars and practitioners alike.' - Marja Spierenburg in Journal of Modern African Studies '...a useful resource for conservation practitioners, academics and students alike. The impressive list of contributors emphasises the combination of both practical field experience and academic rigour that makes this work so valuable...will...prove to be a seminal publication in this field. Not only does the book come at an opportune time, when an increasingly critical analysis of community conservation in Africa is taking hold, but, through its own genesis (the processes of research, working papers and agenda setting), it has undoubtedly been instrumental in pushing this debate to the fore.' - Will Banham in Leeds African Studies Bulletin 'a timely contribution, which questions what has been achieved and whether intended objectives have been met. ...the cases hold some excellent accounts of conservation projects and convey well the perspectives of people working in this field. ...the detailed and informed tracing of histories of community-orientated conservation projects, drawn together in one volume, will undoubtedly make this a useful text for students conducting research in this field, and also for practitioners wanting to compare experiences in different country contexts' - Eleanor Fisher in Journal of International Development '...the detailed and informed tracing of histories of community-oriented conservation projects, drawn together in one volume, will undoubtedly makes this a useful text for students conducting research in this field, and also practitioners wanting to compare experiences in different country contexts.' - Eleanor Fisher in Journal of International Development