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Animal Physiology, Fourth Edition presents all the branches of modern animal physiology with a strong emphasis on integration of physiological knowledge, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Integration extends from genes to organ systems and from one physiological discipline to another. Animal Physiology takes an entirely fresh approach to each topic. Its full-colour illustrations include many novel, visually effective features to help students learn. Each of the 25 main chapters starts with an animal example to engage student interest and demonstrate the value of the material that will be learned. The book includes five additional, briefer "At Work" chapters that apply students' newfound physiological knowledge to curiosity-provoking and important topics, including diving by marine mammals, the mechanisms of navigation, and muscle plasticity in use and disuse.
Animal Physiology is committed to a comparative approach throughout. Whereas mammalian physiology is consistently treated in depth, emphasis is also given to the other vertebrate groups, arthropods, and molluscs. Concepts and integrative themes are emphasized while giving students the specifics they need.
The whole animal is the principal focus of this book. The book's extensive coverage of genomics and cellular–molecular biology is therefore carefully linked to whole-animal biology. With this edition, coverage of physiologically relevant genomics has been greatly expanded. The subject matter of animal physiology is also linked to topics in human affairs, such as athletic training and global warming. Always, the central organizing principle for the array of topics presented is to understand whole animals in the environments where they live.
Complex principles are developed clearly using classroom-tested pedagogy, often with carefully designed conceptual illustrations. Concepts from chemistry, physics, and mathematics are explained so that Animal Physiology will be accessible to science students at the sophomore or higher level. Pedagogical aids include embedded summaries throughout chapters, study questions (with online answers provided to instructors), partially annotated reference lists, an extensive glossary, ten appendices (covering logarithms, phylogenetically independent contrasts, basic physics terms, etc.), and an upgraded index. Carefully worded balloons are used extensively to guide students through the interpretation of figures. For all three authors, teaching physiology to undergraduate students has been a lifelong priority.
What's New in This Edition:
- Key updates, expanded discussions, improved organization, and additional pedagogical aids are featured in this new edition, with specific attention paid to the introductory chapter, and the chapters on physiological development and epigenetics, nutrition and digestion, thermal relations, sensory processes, endocrinology, animal navigation, control of movement, muscle, breathing, and osmoregulation.
- Greatly enhanced genomics content is incorporated into all relevant chapters.
- All figures were reviewed for pedagogical effectiveness; more than 100 figures or tables have been revised, and 33 new figures incorporated.
- All chapters have been updated based on the latest literature and terminology.
- Embracing opportunities for a “less is more” approach, hundreds of sentences and dozens of paragraphs have been improved for efficiency and effectiveness.
- References to the scientific literature are in-depth and updated.
- Online answers for all study questions are provided to instructors.
PART I. FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGY
1. Animals and Environments: Function on the Ecological Stage
2. Molecules and Cells in Animal Physiology
3. Genomics, Proteomics, and Related Approaches to Physiology
4. Physiological Development and Epigenetics
5. Transport of Solutes and Water
PART II. FOOD, ENERGY, AND TEMPERATURE
6. Nutrition, Feeding, and Digestion
7. Energy Metabolism
8. Aerobic and Anaerobic Forms of Metabolism
9. The Energetics of Aerobic Activity
10. Thermal Relations
11. Food, Energy, and Temperature at Work: The Lives of Mammals in Frigid Places
PART III. INTEGRATING SYSTEMS
14. Sensory Processes
15. Nervous System Organization and Biological Clocks
16. Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Physiology
18. Integrating Systems at Work: Animal Navigation
PART IV. MOVEMENT AND MUSCLE
19. Control of Movement: The Motor Bases of Animal Behavior
21. Movement and Muscle at Work: Plasticity in Response to Use and Disuse
PART V. OXYGEN, CARBON DIOXIDE, AND INTERNAL TRANSPORT
22. Introduction to Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Physiology
23. External Respiration: The Physiology of Breathing
24. Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Body Fluids (with an Introduction to Acid-Base Physiology)
26. Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide, and Internal Transport at Work: Diving by Marine Mammals
PART VI. WATER, SALTS, AND EXCRETION
27. Water and Salt Physiology: Introduction and Mechanisms
28. Water and Salt Physiology of Animals in Their Environments
29. Kidneys and Excretion (with Notes on Nitrogen Excretion)
30. Water, Salts, and Excretion at Work: Mammals of Deserts and Dry Savannas
Richard W. Hill is Professor in the Department of Integrative Biology at Michigan State University and a frequent Guest Investigator at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He received his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Michigan. Apart from the multiple editions of Animal Physiology, Dr. Hill is a coauthor of Principles of Life, Second Edition, and has authored two other books on animal physiology, as well as numerous articles for scientific journals, encyclopedias, and edited volumes. Among the awards he has received are the Outstanding Faculty Award (Michigan State University Senior Class Council) and election as Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He was a U.S. Senior Fulbright Scholar from 2000-2001. His research interests include: temperature regulation and energetics in birds and mammals, especially neonates; and environmental physiology of marine tertiary sulfonium and quaternary ammonium compounds.
Gordon A. Wyse is Professor of Biology Emeritus and Lecturer at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Michigan, then did postdoctoral and sabbatical work at Stanford University and Harvard Medical School. Dr. Wyse helped found the graduate program in Neuroscience and Behavior at UMass Amherst. He has served as Associate Dean of the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, and on the Editorial Board of Advances in Physiology Education. His research interests include the neural control of feeding behavior and other behavior patterns.
Margaret Anderson is Professor Emerita of Biological Sciences at Smith College. After completing her Ph.D. at Stanford University, she undertook postdoctoral studies at the Universidad Catolica de Chile, Harvard University, and the University of Puerto Rico. At Smith, Dr. Anderson served as an Academic Dean, Director of the Program in Neuroscience, and premedical advisor. She is one of six founding members of the Consortium of Medical Schools and Women's Colleges, and she contributes to several efforts that encourage women and minorities in the sciences. Her research interests include the functional properties of excitable cells.