Click to have a closer look
About this book
The easy-to-use structure of this book makes it a handy resource. The author summarizes the chemistry topics most important in environmental applications. He includes frequently used data such as: water solubilities, partition coefficients, natural abundance of trace metals in soil, and federal drinking water standards. Lists containing "rules of thumb" supply methods for making quick estimations. Applications of Environmental Chemistry provides the basic equations, theories, and principles you need to understand - at a practical level - frequently encountered topics in environmental chemistry. It does not overwhelm you with excess information but answers your most frequently asked questions clearly and succinctly. It is intended to be a guide and reference for professionals and students who must use the concepts of environmental chemistry but are not chemists and haven't the time and/or inclination to learn all the relevant background material.
From the contents: Water Quality. Defining Water Quality. Sources of Water Impurities. Measuring Impurities. Major Water Quality Parameters. nteractions Among Water Quality Parameters. PH. Oxidation-Reduction Potential (Redox Potential). Carbon Dioxide, Bicarbonate, and Carbonate. Hardness. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). Nitrogen: Ammonia (NH3), Nitrite (NO2-), and Nitrate (NO3-). Sulfide (S-2). Phosphorus (P). Metals in Water. Soil, Groundwater, and Subsurface Contamination. The Nature of Soils. Soil Profiles. Organic Matter in Soil. Soil Zones. Contaminants Become Distributed in Water, Soil, and Air. Partition Coefficients. Mobility of Contaminants in the Subsurface. Particulate Transport in Groundwater: Colloids. Biodegradation. Biodegradation Processes. California Study. Determining the Extent of Bioremediation of LNAPLs. Petroleum Releases to the Subsurface. General Characteristics of Petroleum. Behavior of Fuel Hydrocarbons (LNAPLs) in the Subsurface. Formation of Fuel Hydrocarbon Contamination Plumes. Formation of Chlorinated Hydrocarbon (DNAPL) Plumes. Chemical Fingerprinting. Miscellaneous Special Topics. Acid Mine Drainage. Breakpoint Chlorination: Removing Ammonia by Chlorination. Controlling Environmental Effects from Road Sanding and De-Icing. Integrated Pest Management. Interpreting Baseline Water Quality Data. Ion Exchange Processes. Oil and Grease Analysis.