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Academic & Professional Books  Natural History  Archaeology

Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology

By: Cristiano Nicosia(Editor), Georges Stoops(Editor)
476 pages, ~400 colour photos
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology
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  • Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology ISBN: 9781118941058 Hardback Oct 2017 Usually dispatched within 4 days
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About this book

Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology goes beyond a mere review of current literature and features the most up to date contributions from numerous scientists working in the field. The book represents a groundbreaking and comprehensive resource covering the plethora of applications of micromorphology in archaeology. Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology offers researchers, students and professionals a systematic tool for the interpretation of thin sections of archaeological contexts.

This important resource is also designed to help stimulate the use of micromorphology in archaeology outside Europe, where the technique is less frequently employed. Moreover, the authors hope to strengthen the proper application of soil micromorphology in archaeology, by illustrating its possibilities and referring in several cases to more specialized publications (for instance in the field of plant remains, pottery and phytoliths). Written for anyone interested in the topic, this important text offers:
- Contributions from most of the world's leading authorities on soil micromorphology
- A series of chapters on the major topics selected among the most recurrent in literature about archaeological soil micromorphology
- Systematic descriptions of all important micromorphological features
- Special analytical tools employed on thin sections, such as SEM/EDS, image analysis, fluorescence microscopy, mass spectrometry, among others
- Numerous cross-references
- 400 illustrated full-colour plates

The resource provides the most current and essential information for archaeologists, geoarchaeologists, soil scientists and sedimentologists. Comprehensive in scope, Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology offers professionals and students a much-needed tool for the interpretation of thin sections of archaeological contexts.

Contents

Contributors xiii
Referees xvii
Abbreviations xix

Introduction 1
      Georges Stoops and Cristiano Nicosia

Part I: Inclusions in Archaeological Soils and Sediments 9
1 Bone and Other Skeletal Tissues 11
      Ximena S. Villagran, Dirk J. Huisman, Susan M. Mentzer, Christopher E. Miller and Miranda M. Jans
2 Avian Eggshell 39
      Matthew G. Canti
3 Mollusc Shell 43
      Matthew G. Canti
4 Biospheroids Produced by Earthworms 47
      Matthew G. Canti
5 Faecal Spherulites 51
      Matthew G. Canti and Jacques Élie Brochier
6 Excrements of Herbivores 55
      David Brönnimann, Kristin Ismail-Meyer, Philippe Rentzel, Christine Pümpin and Lenka Lisá
7 Excrements of Omnivores and Carnivores 67
      David Brönnimann, Christine Pümpin, Kristin Ismail-Meyer, Philippe Rentzel and Natalia Égüez
8 Guano 83
      Panagiotis Karkanas
9 Ova of Intestinal Parasites 91
      Christine Pümpin, Matthieu Le Bailly and Sandra Pichler
10 Earth Construction Materials 99
      David E. Friesem, Julia Wattez and Marylise Onfray
11 Laterite as Construction Material 111
      Georges Stoops
12 Turf as Construction Material 113
      Dirk J. Huisman and Karen B. Milek
13 Plant Remains 121
      Kristin Ismail-Meyer
14 Chaff 137
      Cristiano Nicosia and Matthew G. Canti
15 Charred Plant Remains 141
      Matthew G. Canti
      16 Coal 143
17 Plant Ash 147
      Natthew G. Canti and Jacques Élie Brochier
18 Opal Phytoliths 155
      Luc Vrydaghs, Yannick Devos and Ákos Peto
19 Siliceous Microfossils from Single-Celled Organisms: Diatoms and Chrysophycean Stomatocysts 165
      Elie Verleyen, Koen Sabbe, Wim Vyverman and Cristiano Nicosia
20 Opal Sponge Spicules 171
      Luc Vrydaghs
21 Burnt Soils and Sediments 173
      Astrid Röpke and Carlo Dietl
22 Burnt Carbonates 181
      Matthew G. Canti
23 Calcareous Mortars, Plasters and Floors 189
      Georges Stoops, Matthew G. Canti and Selim Kapur
24 Gypsic Mortars and Plasters 201
25 Ceramic Materials 205
      Lara Maritan
26 Metals and Metalworking Residues 213
      Ivana Angelini, Gilberto Artioli and Cristiano Nicosia
27 Lithic Artefacts 223
      Diego E. Angelucci

Part II Current Topics in Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology 231
28 Soils Disturbed by Vegetation Clearance and Tillage 233
      Judit Deák, Anne Gebhardt, Helen Lewis, Maria Raimonda Usai, and Heejin Lee
29 Animal Gathering Enclosures 265
      Ruth Shahack-Gross
30 Trampling, Poaching and the Effect of Traffic 281
      Philippe Rentzel, Cristiano Nicosia, Anne Gebhardt, David Brönnimann, Christine Pümpin and Kristin Ismail-Meyer
31 Combustion Features 299
      Carolina Mallol, Susan M. Mentzer and Christopher E. Miller
32 European Dark Earth 331
      Cristiano Nicosia, Yannick Devos, and Richard I. Macphail
33 Amazonian Dark Earths 345
      Manuel Arroyo-Kalin
34 Cave and Rock Shelter Sediments 359
      Carolina Mallol and Paul Goldberg

Part III Additional Techniques 383
35 Sampling for Soil Micromorphology 385
      Georges Stoops and Cristiano Nicosia
36 Fluorescence Microscopy 393
      Georges Stoops
37 Gas Chromatography – Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) 399
      Lisa-Marie Shillito
38 Isotope Mass Spectrometry (On Microdrilled Powders) 403
      Susan M. Mentzer
39 FTIR Microscopy 411
      Francesco Berna
40 X-ray Microdiffraction 417
      Christoph Berthold and Susan M. Mentzer
41 Micro XRF 431
      Susan M. Mentzer
42 Micro-CT Scanning 441
      Dominique J.M. Ngan-Tillard and Dirk J. Huisman
43 Electron Probe X-ray Microanalysis (SEM-EPMA) Techniques 451
      Clare A. Wilson
44 Reflected Light 461
      Bertrand Ligouis

Index 471

Customer Reviews

By: Cristiano Nicosia(Editor), Georges Stoops(Editor)
476 pages, ~400 colour photos
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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