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The harmful impacts of pollution on atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic environments can cause extreme temperature changes, clean water shortage, and increase toxicity.
This book studies environmental pollution impacts, from the mechanism of toxic nanoparticles on the molecular level to the detection of trace gas on the satellite perspective. It presents recent developments in advanced monitoring techniques, efficient process technologies and health impact assessment tools, from environmental scientists of diversified fields. The three sections highlight important aspects of emerging monitoring technologies: Atmospheric Environment, Contaminants Control Process and Environmental Toxicity Assessment. Observational tools presented in the first section range from cell based biosensors to digital techniques for atmospheric monitoring. Highlighted in the second section is the recently developed water quality monitoring system for lake stratification and membrane technologies for detection and removal of contaminants. Lastly, toxicity mechanisms of endocrine disruptors and nanoparticles are highlighted on the third section, with important discoveries never before documented in science.
Section 1. Atmospheric Environment Monitoring. 1. The application of cell based biosensor and biochip for environmental monitoring.- 2. Aerosol concentrations and remote sources of airborme elements over Pico mountain, Azores, Portugal.- 3. Smog Chamber Measurements.- 4. Digital Photographic Technique to Quantify Plume Opacity during Daytime and Night time.- 5. An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions during a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques.- 6. Aerosol sampling efficiency evaluation Methods at the US Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center.- 7. Atmospheric aerosol monitoring from satellite observations: A history of three decades.- 8. Scanning Infrared Remote Sensing System for Detection, Identification and Visualization of Airborne Pollutants.- 9. Remote Sensing of Tropospheric Trace gases (NO2 and SO2) from SCIAMACHY.
Section 2. Contaminants Control Process Monitoring.- 10. Fabrication of Electrophoretic PDMS/PDMS Lab on-a-chip Integrated with Au Thin-Film Based Amperometric Detection for Phenolic Chemicals.- 11. Removal of selected Organic Micropollutants from WWTP Effluent with Powdered Activated Carbon and Retention by Nanofiltration.- 12. Development of Vertically Moving Automatic Water Monitoring System (VeMAS) For Lake Water Quality Management.- Section 3. Environmental Toxicity and monitoring assessment.- 13. Environmental monitoring by use of genomics and metabolomics technologies.- 14. A gene expression profiling approach to study the influence of ultrafine particles on rat lungs.- 15. Saccharomyces cerevisiae as biosensor for cyto- and genotoxic activity.- 16. Swimming behavioral toxicity in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) exposed to various chemicals for biological monitoring of water quality.- 17. Assessment of river health by combined microscale toxicity testing and chemical analysis.- 18. Effects of endocrine disruptors on nervous system related gene eapression: comprehensive analysis of medaka fish.- 19. The effects of earthworm maturity on arsenic accumulation and growth after exposure to OECD soils containing mine tailings.- 20. Toxicity of metallic nanoparticles in microorganisms- a review.