Reflecting new thinking about conservation in Southeast Asia, Beyond the Sacred Forest is the product of a unique collaboration involving ethnographic research in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Scholars from those countries and the United States rethink the translation of environmental concepts between East and West, particularly ideas of nature and culture; what conservation might mean; and how conservation policy is applied and transformed in the everyday landscapes of Southeast Asia. As this collection of essays demonstrates, the researchers focus more on folk, community, and vernacular conservation discourses than on those of institutions and the state.
Thick with ethnographic detail, their essays provide powerful examples of why social, political, historical, and economic factors are central to the success or failure of conservation initiatives. Natural resource managers and policy makers who accept and work with these factors are likely to enjoy greater and more enduring success than those who simply seek to remove the influence and impact of humans from the landscape. As many of the essays suggest, this requires the ability to manage contradictions, to relinquish orthodox ideas of what conservation looks like, and to practice continuously adaptive management techniques. It requires practitioners who are deeply reflexive and able to focus less on short-term goals and more on long-term engagement with the relationships between people and nature.
Contributors: Upik Djalins; Amity A. Doolittle; Michael R. Dove; Levita Duhaylungsod; Emily E. Harwell; Jeyamalar Kathirithamby-Wells; Lye Tuck-Po; Percy E. Sajise; Endah Sulistyawati; Yunita T. Winarto
Contents; About the Series; Map List; Acknowledgments; Preface Introduction. Changing Ways of Thinking about the Relations between Society and Environment - Michael R. Dove, Percy E. Sajise, and Amity Doolittle Section I. Cultural Management and The "Natural" 1. The Wild and the Tame in Protected Areas Management, Peninsular Malaysia - Lye Tuck-Po; 2. The Implications of Plantation Agriculture for Biodiversity in Peninsular Malaysia: An Historical Analysis - J. Kathirithamby-Wells; 3. Living Rubber, Dead Land, and Persisting Systems in Borneo: Indigenous Representations of Sustainability - Michael R. Dove; Section II. New and Old Discourses Of Indigenous Conservation; 4. Adat as a Site for the Exercise of Power: Reconstructing Adat in Struggle Over Rights of Ownership to Land in Pesisir Krui, West Lampung - Upik Djalins; 5. The Re-definition of Native Customary Law: Struggles over Property Rights between Native Peoples and Colonial Rulers in Sabah, Malaysia - Amity A. Doolittle; 6. The Social Life of Boundaries: Competing Territorial Claims and Conservation Planning in Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve, West Kalimantan, Indonesia - Emily E. Harwell; 7. Re-Thinking "Indigenous Peoples and Sustainable Use": The Case of the T'Boli in Southern Philippines - Levita Duhaylungsod; 8. The Historical Demography of Resource Use and Abuse in a Swidden Community in West Kalimantan - Endah Sulistyawati; Section III. The Interstices Between Policy And Practice; 9. The Ecological Implications of Central vs. Local Governance: The Contest Over Integrated Pest Management in Indonesia - Yunita Winarto Bibliography; Contributors; Index
Beyond the Sacred Forest is a sophisticated and thoughtful engagement with fundamental conceptual pillars of modern-day conservation politics. Based on sustained and systematic field-based studies enriched by deep theoretical development, this book's ideas will educate students and decision makers alike as they grapple with the meanings of progress, justice, and sustainability as shaped via the complex interplay among nature, power, and culture. Arun Agrawal, author of Environmentality: Technologies of Government and the Making of Subjects