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The rich variety of mechanisms employed by swimming and flying organisms has long been an inspiration for engineers and scientists. Such is the range of nature's methods of locomotion that a whole new field of interdisciplinary collaboration on the possibility of utilizing this mechanical efficiency in better artificial mechanisms has developed. These areas of research, which form the basis of this volume, include the locomotive mechanisms of microorganisms, animals in flying and swimming, animal behavior models, and gill-breathing. The latest research into natural autonomous systems and locomotion in both flying and swimming organisms is reflected in the progress of interdisciplinary work in the fields of biology and engineering, yielding real-world benefits in better propulsion techniques. Finally, and at least as important as gains in mechanical efficiency, is the possibility that studying nature in motion may lead to new, environmentally friendly technologies.
An Engineering Perspective on Swimming Bacteria: High-Speed Flagellar Motor, Intelligent Flagellar Filaments, and Skillful Swimming in Viscous Environments.- Euglena Motion Control by Local Illumination.- Thrust-Force Characteristics of Enlarged Propulsion Mechanisms Modeled on Eukaryotic Flagellar Movement and Ciliary Movement in Fluid.- Resonance Model of the Indirect Flight Mechanism.- On Flow Separation Control by Means of Flapping Wings.- Outboard Propulsor with an Oscillating Horizontal Fin.- Three-Dimensional Maneuverability of the Dolphin Robot (Roll Control and Loop-the-Loop Motion).- Fundamental Study of a Fishlike Body with Two Undulating Side-Fins.- Biology-Inspired Precision Maneuvering of Underwater Vehicles.- Optimal Measurement Strategies for Environmental Mapping and Localization of a Biomimetic Autonomous Underwater Vehicle.- Experimental and Analytical Study of the Schooling Motion of Fish Based on Two Observed Individual Motions: Approaching Motion and Parallel Orienting Motion.- Neural Basis of Odor-Source Searching Behavior in Insect Microbrain Systems Evaluated with a Mobile Robot.- Architectures for Adaptive Behavior in Biomimetic Underwater Robots.- Efficiency of Biological and Artificial Gills.- Subject Index.