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India is an identified megadiverse country, rich in biodiversity and associated traditional knowledge. The country has a tradition of conservation and sustainable use of its biodiversity, which has now come under wider pressure on account of various factors including development imperatives, habitat fragmentation and invasion of invasive alien species. Global scientific analysis of current trends of biodiversity loss are projected to either remain constant or to increase in the near future. This global concern about loss of biodiversity has been sought to be addressed in the international Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to which India is a party.
As a mega-diversity country, India is harboring as much as 7.8% of the total species of the world within a landmass of about 2.4% in comparison to the global land mass. The diverse groups of ecosystems within such a land mass played a vital role in India's economy by virtue of their potential as biological and non-biological resources. Nearly 70% of the country's population inhabiting remote areas is completely dependent on such resources in their day-to-day life to maintain their livelihood. Therefore, proper attention will be paid to restore and conserve the biologically rich areas for their future sustainability and usability.
This book is an outcome of detailed studies carried out by dedicated scientists and researchers working in the fields of the fauna and flora of India. It contains a collection of 21 research and review articles and each article is the outcome of efforts in different parts made by experts or professionals in their field. As a whole, the book offers novel information on biotic communalities of India along with their future conservation needs. The theme of the research papers included in this book emphasizes both the faunal and floral resources with respect to the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of various parts of India and their livelihood linkage to local inhabitants on the one hand, and conservation of natural resources for future sustainability and utilization on the other hand.