The scope of biodiversity science is vast. The conservation of the rich biological wealth of our planet, and sustainable use of biodiversity resources and their wiser management become crucial and challenging. On-going global changes exert their effect on biodiversity, and bio-resources and their use patterns for sustainable development and conservation, for generations to come.
The lianas or the woody climbers form one of the fascinating groups of forest plant diversity, yet remain relatively under-researched, as compared to trees. They occur in temperate, sub-tropical and tropical forests, but are particularly diverse in tropical environments, and their density is exceedingly high in dry tropics. Lianas have both positive and negative contribution in forest ecology, in particular the liana load on trees reduces tree growth and enhances tree mortality. Lianas also play important positive roles in forest functioning, contribute substantially to forest aboveground biomass and render several ecosystem services (rewarding leaf, flower and fruit resources ) to various faunal communities, and provide several goods of economic importance utilized by humans (from ropes, fruits to medicine). That being the importance of lianas in forest ecosystems, it calls for greater attention in sustainable resource use and wiser management of biodiversity and conservation for ecosystem well-being and human welfare.
Biodiversity of Lianas covers chapters on original articles and reviews from regional to global level contributions from various parts of the world – from North America, South America, Africa, Europe, China, South & Southeast Asia and Australia. Many chapters address liana diversity in the context of geographical, climate and various other environmental attributes and discuss key issues on biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of bioresources and future direction of research useful for policy making and bio-resources management in years to come, realizing human dimensions in forest ecosystem.
- General Introduction N Parthasarathy & P Vivek
- Patterns of liana abundance and distribution in temperate forests Bruce P Allen
- Geographical, taxonomical and ecological aspects of lianas in subtropical forests of Argentina Agustina Malizia & Paula Campanello
- Liana effects on carbon storage and uptake in mature and secondary tropical forests Sandra M Duran & G.A. Sanchez-Azofeifa
- Diversity and distribution of climbing plants in Eurasia and North Africa Liang Hu & Li Mingguang
- Liana assemblages in tropical forests of Africa and South East Asia: diversity, abundance and management Patrick Addo-Fordjour & Zakaria B. Rahmad
- Diversity of lianas in Eastern Himalayas and North-Eastern India SK Barik, D Adhikari, A Chettri & PP Singh
- Biodiversity of lianas and their functional traits in tropical forests of peninsular India N Parthasarathy, P Vivek, C Muthumperumal, S Muthuramkumar & N Ayyappan
- The contribution of lianas to forest ecology, diversity, and dynamics Stefan A Schnitzer
- Liana diversity and their ecosystem services in tropical dry evergreen forest on the Coromandel Coast of India N Parthasarathy, P Vivek & K Anil
- A review of biotechnological approaches to conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal lianas in India Shaily Goyal, Varsha Sharma & K G Ramawat
- Biological invasion of vines, their impacts and management S M Sundarapandian, C Muthumperumal & K. Subashree
- Liana diversity and the future of tropical forests Mason Campbell, Ainhoa Magrach & Bill Laurance
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