Biogeography considers the distribution of biological units over a wide range of scales. The units range from genotypes, populations and species to families and higher taxa. Processes can be local, such as the isolation on islands due to sea-level fluctuations, or large-scale tectonic processes that separate continents and create oceans. In all, processes time is an important factor; by combining data on recent patterns with paleontological data the understanding of the distribution of extant taxa can be improved. This volume focuses on speciation due to isolation in island-like settings and the evolution of large-scale diversity as the result of origination, maintenance and extinction.
From the reviews: "This volume of the series 'Topics in Geobiology' focuses on speciation due to isolation in island-like settings, and the evolution of large-scale diversity as the result of origination, maintenance and extinction. ! Biogeography is seen here mainly in the context of paleontology, zoology, plate tectonics, and evolutionary processes resulting in genetic isolation and morphological differentiation on islands. ! A fascinating, outstanding and highly recommendable contribution to biogeography." R. Gerstmeier, Entomofauna, Vol. 29 (9), 2008. "Willem Renema ! presents a balanced collection of chapters on a diversity of taxa, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, and biogeographic phenomena. ! Each chapter is well laid out, following a structural format which is held consistent throughout the book. ! this is a rich collection of contributions that provides an eclectic sampling of current research on the responses of ancient biotas to the dynamics of barriers, dispersal routes, and islands. ! recommend highly to all scientists interested in the temporal and geographic dynamics of life." Mark V. Lomolino, Journal of Mammal Evolution, Vol. 16, 2009.
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