368 pages, 26 b/w photos, 13 b/w illustrations, 17 tables
As explorers and scientists have known for decades, the Neotropics harbor a fantastic array of our planet's mammalian diversity, from capybaras and capuchins to maned wolves and mouse opossums, to sloths and sakis. This biological bounty can be attributed partly to the striking diversity of Neotropical landscapes and climates and partly to a series of continental connections that permitted intermittent faunal exchanges with Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and North America. Thus, to comprehend the development of modern Neotropical mammal faunas requires not only mastery of the Neotropics' substantial diversity, but also knowledge of mammalian lineages and landscapes dating back to the Mesozoic.
"Bones, Clones, and Biomes" offers just that--an exploration of the development and relationships of the modern mammal fauna through a series of studies that encompass the last one hundred million years and both Central and South America. This work serves as a complement to more taxonomically driven works, providing for readers the long geologic and biogeographic contexts that undergird the abundance and diversity of Neotropical mammals. Rather than documenting diversity or distribution, this collection traverses the patterns that the distributions and relationships across mammal species convey, bringing together for the first time geology, paleobiology, systematics, mammalogy, and biogeography. Of critical importance is the book's utility for current conservation and management programs, part of a rapidly rising conservation paleobiology initiative.
1 Introduction to the History and Geography of Neotropical Mammals
Part 1. The Geological Setting
2 Punctuated Isolation: The Making and Mixing of South America's Mammals
3 Origins, Radiations, and Distribution of South American Mammals: From Greenhouse to Icehouse Worlds
4 Cenozoic Andean Faunas: Shedding New Light on South American Mammal Evolution, Biogeography, Environments, and Tectonics
5 On the Evolution of Large Size in Mammalian Herbivores of Cenozoic Faunas of Southern South America
6 Evolution of the South American Carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora): A Paleontological Perspective
7 A Molecular View on the Evolutionary History and Biogeography of Neotropical Carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora)
Part 2. Regional Patterns
8 Hierarchical Organization of Neotropical Mammal Diversity and Its Historical Basis
9 West Indian Mammals: The Old, the New, and the Recently Extinct
10 Biogeography of Central American Mammals: Patterns and Processes
11 Biogeography of Mammals from the Guianas of South America
12 Speciation in Amazonia: Patterns and Predictions of a Network of Hypotheses
13 Historical Fragmentation Shaping Vertebrate Diversification in the Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot
14 Mammals of the Cerrado and Caatinga: Distribution Patterns of the Tropical Open Biomes of Central South America
15 The Role of the Andes in the Diversification and Biogeography of Neotropical Mammals
16 Mammalian Biogeography of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego
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Bruce D. Patterson is the MacArthur Curator of Mammals at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago.
Leonora P. Costa is associate professor in the Departamento de Ciencias biologicas at Universidade federal do espirito santo, Vitoria, Brazil.