The past 100 years are a key period for understanding climate variability and climate change as it marks the changeover from a climate system dominated by natural influences to a climate system dominated by anthropogenic influences.
Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 Years compiles a number of contributions to a workshop held in Gwatt, Switzerland, in July 2006 dealing with different aspects of climate change, variability, and extremes during the past 100 years. The individual contributions cover a broad range of topics, ranging from the re-evaluation of historical marine data to the effect of solar variability on the stratosphere.
"This volume brings together a fascinating and varied set of papers on climatic variability and change. The papers highlight what modellers can learn by greater study of observations, while the latter were informed about the types of observations required to reduce model uncertainties."
- Phil Jones, University of East Anglia
"The authors of this volume extend the classical reanalysis perspective for studying climate phenomena during the past 100 years!"
- Heinz Wanner, Director, Swiss NCCR Climate
"The book provides interesting and topical summaries of the state of knowledge on a number of key global climate variables such as sea surface temperature, upper air temperature, and stratospheric ozone"
- EOS, Michael Manton, Monash University, Australia
Brönnimann, S., T. Ewen, J. Luterbacher, H. Diaz, R. Stolarski, U. Neu
A focus on climate during the past 100 years The observational climate record
From the bottom to the stratosphere - Arctic climate features as seen from the 1st International Polar Year (1882-1883) until the end of World War II
Alekseev, G. V., S. I. Kuzmina, A. P. Nagurny, N. E. Ivanov
Arctic sea ice data sets in the context of climate change during the 20th century
Woodruff, S. D., H. F. Diaz, E. C. Kent, R. W. Reynolds, S. J. Worley
The Evolving SST Record from ICOADS
Sterin, A. M., V. M. Khan, K. G. Rubinstein
Upper-air temperature trends:Current problems and some recent results
Uppala, S., A. Simmons, D. Dee, P. Kallberg, J.-N. Thepaut
Atmospheric reanalyses and climate variations
Constructing climate quality atmospheric temperatures from satellite microwave measurements
Brönnimann, S., C. Vogler, J. Staehelin, R. Stolarski, G. Hansen
Total ozone observations during the past 80 years Trends and Processes
Stroeve J., W. Maslowski
Arctic sea ice variability during the last half century
Decadal changes in surface radiative fluxes and their role in global climate change
Norris, J. R.
Observed interdecadal changes in cloudiness: Real or spurious?
Seneviratne, S. I., R. Stockli
The role of land-atmosphere interactions for climate variability in Europe
Aerosol effects on precipitation locally and globally Variability and extremes
Human activity and climate change in Africa
Menzel, A., N. Estrella, C. Schleip
Impacts of climate variability, trends and NAO on 20th century European plant phenology
Della-Marta, P. M., M. Beniston
Summer heat waves in western Europe, their past change and future projections
Scherrer, S. C., M. A. Liniger, C. Appenzeller
Distribution changes of seasonal mean temperature in observations and climate change scenarios Chemical climate variability and the stratosphere
Staehelin, J. C. Schnadt Poberaj
Long-term tropospheric ozone trends. A critical review
Dameris, M., R. Deckert
Simulation of long-term evolution of stratospheric dynamics and chemistry -- Role of natural and anthropogenic forcings
Langematz U., M. Kunze
Dynamical changes in the Arctic and Antarctic stratosphere during spring
Brasseur, G. P.
Creating Knowledge from the Confrontation of Observations and Models: The Case of Stratospheric Ozone
Response of the Earth's atmosphere to the solar irradiance variability
Jackman C., E. Fleming
Stratospheric ozone variations caused by solar proton events between 1963 and 2005
Labitzke, K., M. Kunze, S. Brönnimann
Sunspots, the QBO, and the Stratosphere in the North Polar Region: An update
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