List of contributors; Preface; Part I. General Concepts: 1. Temperature and energetics: an introduction to cold ocean physiology A. Clarke; Part II. Compensatory Adaptations in Cold Ocean Environments: 2. Adaptation to cold and depth: contrasts between polar and deep-sea animals G. N. Somero; 3. Temperature and growth rates as modulators of the metabolic capacities of fish muscle H. Guderley; 4. Energetic aspects of cold adaptation: critical temperatures in metabolic, ionic and acid-base regulation? H. O. Portner, I. Hardewig, F. J. Sartoris and P. L. M. van Dijk; 5. Physiological and evolutionary aspects of myoglobin expression in the haemoglobinless Antarctic icefishes B. D. Sidell and M. E. Vayda; 6. Oxygen transport systems in extreme environments: multiplicity and structure-function relationship in haemoglobins of Antarctic fish G. di Prisco, M. Tamburrini and R. D-Avino; 7. Membrane lipid and protein adaptations in Antarctic fish C. Storelli, R. Acierno and M. Maffia; 8. Kinetics of enzymes in cold-stenothermal invertebrates R. A. H. Vetter and F. Buchholz; 9. Effects of low temperature on prooxidant processes and antioxidant defence systems in marine organisms A. Viarengo, D. Abele-Oeschger and B. Burlando; Part III. Exploitative Adaptations: 10. New insights into fish antifreeze proteins: physiological significance and molecular regulation G. L. Fletcher, S. V. Goddard, P. L. Davies, Z. Gong, K. V. Ewart and C. L. Hew; 11. Antifreeze glycopeptides and peptides in the freezing avoidance of Weddell Sea fishes: its relation to mode of life, depth distribution and evolution A. P. A. Wohrmann; Part IV. Integrative Approaches: 12. Effects of environmental and experimental stress on Antarctic fish S. Egginton and W. Davison; 13. Fish cardio-circulatory function in the cold M. Axelsson, C. Agnisola, S. Nilsson and B. Tota; 14. Feeding, metabolism and metabolic scope in Antarctic marine ectotherms L. S. Peck; 15. Evolution and adaptation of the diving response: phocids and otariids P. W. Hochachka and P. D. Mottishaw; 16. The physiology of polar birds R. M. Bevan, C. M. Bishop, and P. J. Butler; Part V. Applied Approaches: 17. Physiological ecology in cold ocean fisheries: a case study in Atlantic cod R. G. Boutilier; Index.