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The main goal of this book is to encourage and formalize the infusion of evolutionary thinking into mainstream conservation biology. It reviews the evolutionary foundations of conservation issues, and unifies conceptual and empirical advances in evolutionary conservation biology.
The book can be used either as a primary textbook or as a supplementary reading in an advanced undergraduate or graduate level course - likely to be called Conservation Biology or in some cases Evolutionary Ecology. The focus of chapters is on current concepts in evolution as they pertain to conservation, and the empirical study of these concepts. The balanced treatment avoids exhaustive reviews and overlapping duplication among the chapters. Little background in genetics is assumed of the reader.
SECTION 1 - POPULATION STRUCTURE AND GENETICS OF THREATENED TAXA; 1. The history, purview and future of conservation genetics John C. Avise; 2. Effects of population size on population viability: from mutation to environmental catastrophes David Reed; 3. Demographics versus genetics in conservation biology Barry W. Brook; 4. Metapopulation structure and the conservation consequences of population fragmentation Julianno B. M. Sambatti, Eli Stahl & Susan Harrison; 5. The influence of breeding systems and mating systems on conservation genetics and conservation decisions Michele R. Dudash & Courtney J. Murren; SECTION 2 - CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY WITHIN AND AMONG SPECIES; 6. The importance of conserving evolutionary processes Thomas B. Smith and Gregory F. Grether; 7. Phylogenetic diversity and conservation Daniel P. Faith; 8. Genetic considerations in introduction efforts Philippine Vergeer, N. Joop Ouborg, Andrew P. Hendry; 9. Hybridization, introgression and the evolutionary management of threatened species Judith M. Rhymer; SECTION 3 EVOLUTIONARY RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE; 10. Evolution in response to climate change Julie Etterson; 11. Evolutionary dynamics of adaptation to environmental stress George W. Gilchrist and Donna G. Folk; 12. Managing phenotypic variability with genetic and environmental heterogeneity: adaptation as a first principle of conservation biology Scott P. Carroll and Jason V. Watters; 13. Genetic diversity, adaptive potential and population viability in changing environments Elizabeth Grace Boulding; SECTION 4 CONSERVATION AND EVOLUTION IN BIOTIC INTERACTIONS; 14. The geographic mosaic of co evolution and its conservation significance Craig W. Benkman, Thomas L. Parchman & Adam M. Siepielski; 15. The next communities: evolution and integration of invasive species Scott P. Carroll & Charles W. Fox; 16. Ecosystem recovery: Lessons from the past Geerat J. Vermeij; 17. Host-pathogen evolution, biodiversity and disease risks for natural populations Sonia Altizer & Amy B. Pedersen; SECTION 5 EVOLUTIONARY MANAGEMENT; 18. Conservation planning and genetic diversity Maile C. Neel; 19. Implications of transgene escape for conservation Michelle Marvier; 20. Evolution and sustainability of harvested populations Mikko Heino & Ulf Dieckmann; REFERENCES CITED
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Edited by Scott P. Carroll, Professor of Biology, UC Davis and Charles W. Fox, Professor of Biology, University of Kentucky.