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About this book
About this book
Biological control - utilizing a population of natural enemies to seasonally or permanently suppress pests - is not a new concept. The cottony cushion scale, which nearly destroyed the citrus industry of California, was controlled by an introduced predatory insect in the 1880s. Accelerated invasions by insects and spread of weedy non-native plants in the last century have increased the need for the use of biological control. Use of carefully chosen natural enemies has become a major tool for the protection of natural ecosystems, biodiversity and agricultural and urban environments.
This book offers a multifaceted yet integrated discussion on two major applications of biological control: permanent control of invasive insects and plants at the landscape level and temporary suppression of both native and exotic pests in farms, tree plantations, and greenhouses. Written by leading international experts in the field, the text discusses control of invasive species and the role of natural enemies in pest management.
This book is essential reading for courses on Invasive Species, Pest Management, and Crop Protection. It is an invaluable reference book for biocontrol professionals, restorationists, agriculturalists, and wildlife biologists.
Section I: IntroductionCHAPTER 1: BOOK STRUCTURE AND OVERVIEW OF MAJOR USES OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 2: METHODS OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 3: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS. Section II: Permanent Suppression of Invasive Pests through Classical Biological Control CHAPTER 4: THE INVASIVE SPECIES PROBLEM. CHAPTER 5: WHY MOST SPECIES ARE NOT PESTS: NATURAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 6: HOW BIOLOGICAL CONTROL COMPARES TO OTHER WAYS TO SUPPRESS INVASIVE SPECIES. CHAPTER 7: POPULATION AND COMMUNITY THEORY'S CONTRIBUTION TO CLASSICAL BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 8: STEPS IN THE PROCESS OF CLASSICAL BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 9: FOREIGN EXPLORATION FOR NATURAL ENEMIES. CHAPTER 10: CLIMATE MATCHING. CHAPTER 11: MOLECULAR TOOLS AND THEIR USE IN BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. CHAPTER 12: ASSESSING SAFETY OF SPECIES USED AS BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AGENTS. CHAPTER 13: ESTABLISHING NATURAL ENEMIES AND ASSESSING THEIR IMPACTS. CHAPTER 14: WEED BIOLOGICAL CONTROL AND ITS DIFFERENCES FROM INSECT BIOLOGICAL CONTROL. Section III: Using Biological Control in Crops CHAPTER 15: PROTECTING NATURAL ENEMIES IN CROPS FROM PESTICIDES. CHAPTER 16: ENHANCING NATURAL ENEMY NUMBERS BY PROVIDING RESOURCES. CHAPTER 17: MICROBIAL PESTICIDES AND GENETICALLY ENGINEERED CROP PLANTS. . CHAPTER 18: NATURAL ENEMY RELEASES IN OUTDOOR CROPS. CHAPTER 19: NATURAL ENEMY RELEASES IN INDOOR CROPS. Sectional IV: Less Common or New Targets for Classical Biological Control CHAPTER 20. BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF VERTEBRATES. CHAPTER 21: BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF NON-TRADITIONAL TARGETS. CHAPTER 22: LOOKING TO THE FUTURE: WHAT ARE THE CONSTRAINTS LIMITING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BIOLOGICAL CONTROL.
Roy Van Driesche, University of Massachusetts, is an expert in biological control in the Entomology Division of the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. An earlier book on this topic by Van Driesche was published in 1996 as well as one on the invasive species problem. He is currently working to resolve the threat to eastern hemlock (a native forest tree) posed by an invasive Japanese adelgid. Mark Hoddle, University of California, Riverside, has written numerous articles and edited conference proceedings on biocontrol. He has recently successfully controlled the glassy wing sharpshooter in French Polynesia with introduced egg parasitoids. Ted Center, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, is a world leader in biological control of invasive plants, in particular against the world's worst water weed, waterhyacinth, and against melaleuca, an invasive Australian tree threatening the survival of the Florida Everglades, a World Heritage site.
473 pages, 245 illustrations, colour photos
This text will be valued by students, biocontrol professionals, farmers, and ecologists concerned with invasive species and pest management. (Southeastern Naturalist, July 2008) "Valuable for upper-level curricula and as a reference course ... Highly recommended." (CHOICE, January 2009)