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This edited volume collects population and metapopulation models for a wide variety of species, focusing on the use of models in population-level risk assessment for toxins. Each chapter of Demographic Toxicity describes the application of a population model to one species, with the aim of demonstrating how various life history characteristics of the species are incorporated into the model, how ecotoxicological impacts are modeled, and how the results of the model has been or can be used in risk assessment.
The model in each chapter is implemented in RAMAS software, which uses matrix modeling of population dynamics. RAMAS software is believed to be the most powerful tool ever invented for this task.
Demographic Toxicity includes a CD that contains a demo version of the program and the data files for each species. The book explains how to use these specific tools for modeling, analysis, and interpretation of data. Demographic Toxicity provides a major review of current knowledge on population dynamics in different species, representing both terrestrial and aquatic environments.
1. Demographic toxicity: assessing the population-level impacts of contaminants; 2. LUCILIA SERICATA LABORATORY POPULATIONS: TOXICANT E; 3. Population-Level Modeling of Mercury Stress on the Florida Panther (Puma concolor coryi) Metapopulation; 4. Raccoon (Procyon lotor) harvesting on and near the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site: utility of metapopulation modeling for prediction and management of hunter risk; 5. Earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) in North-western Europe: sub- lethal effects of copper on population viability; 6. Stressor Impacts on Common Loons in New Hampshire, USA: A Demonstration Study for Effects of Stressors Distributed Across Space; 7. Population-level effects of PCBs on wood frogs (Rana sylvatica) breeding in vernal pools associated with the Housatonic River, Pittsfield to Lenoxdale, Massachusetts; 8. Potential effects of freshwater and estuarine contaminant exposure on Lower Columbia River Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) populations; 9. Water Flea Daphnia pulex: Population Recovery after Pesticide Exposure; 10. Lymnaea stagnalis: the effects of experimental demographic reduction on population dynamics; 11. Pollution, stochasticity and spatial heterogeneity in the dynamics of an age-structured population of brown trout living in a river network; 12. Using a spatial modeling approach to explore ecological factors relevant to the persistence of an estuarine fish (Fundulus heterclitus) in a PCB-contaminated estuary; 13. Demographic effects of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, Fluoranthene, on two sibling species of the polychaete, Capitella capitata; 14. Application of population modeling to a causal analysis of the decline the Cherry Point Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) stock; 15. Endocrine disruption in Eelpout (Zoarces viviparus) on the Swedish Baltic coast: Population-level effects of male-biased broods; 16. Leptocheirus plumulosus in the upper Chesapeake Bay: sediment toxicity effects at the metapopulation level; 17. Applications of Life-Table Response Experiment to the evaluation of toxicants effects at population level with the polychaete Dinophilus gyrociliatus; Appendix: Using RAMAS GIS