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This concise, accessible, market-leading textbook brings together the wide-ranging fundamentals students need to understand rocks and minerals, and shows them how they relate to the broader Earth, materials and environmental sciences. Designed specifically for one-semester courses, it is beautifully illustrated to explain the key concepts in mineralogy and petrology. This edition has been fully updated based on classroom experience, and new features include a completely new chapter providing an elementary introduction to thermodynamics, kinetics, radioactive decay and absolute dating; new mineral descriptions and many new stunning color photographs; and a new section on hydraulic fracturing and discussion of some of its most serious potential environmental consequences. Earth Materials uses stunning photos of mineral specimens and rock thin sections to help students build a core understanding. It also creates a highly effective learning experience through close integration of clear illustrations with engaging text, and helps students to easily visualize crystal structures through the CrystalViewer's 3D software, available online.
2. Materials of the solid Earth
3. How are minerals identified?
4. Fundamentals of crystal structures
5. Introduction to crystallography
6. Minerals and rocks observed under the polarizing optical microscope
7. Igneous rock-forming minerals
8. The direction and rate of natural processes: an introduction to thermodynamics and kinetics
9. How do igneous rocks form?
10. Igneous rocks: their mode of occurrence, classification, and plate tectonic setting
11. Sedimentary rock-forming minerals and materials
12. Formation, transport, and lithification of sediment
13. Sedimentary rock classification, occurrence, and plate tectonic significance
14. Metamorphic rock-forming minerals
15. Metamorphic rocks
16. Some economic minerals, mainly from veins and pegmatites
17. Some selected Earth materials resources
18. Earth materials and human health
Cornelis ('Kase') Klein is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. He received his BSc and MSc in geology from McGill University, Canada, and his PhD from Harvard University, Massachusetts, also in geology. He has been a member of the geology faculty at Harvard University, Indiana University, Bloomington, and the University of New Mexico, and has taught courses in mineralogy at all these universities. His published books include Manual of Mineralogy (19th-21st editions), Manual of Mineral Science (22nd-23rd editions) and Minerals and Rocks: Exercises in Crystal and Mineral Chemistry, Crystallography, X-Ray Powder Diffraction, Mineral and Rock Identification, and Ore Mineralogy, 3rd edition (2007). He has received two awards for excellence in teaching from the University of New Mexico.
Anthony R. Philpotts is Emeritus Professor of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Connecticut, a Visiting Fellow in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Yale University, Connecticut and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Massachusetts. He received his BSc and MSc in geology from McGill University, Canada, and his PhD from the University of Cambridge. He has taught igneous and metamorphic petrology courses at McGill University and the University of Connecticut for more than forty years. His published books include Principles of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology, 2nd edition (Cambridge, 2009) and Petrography of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks (1989, 2003).
"Earth Materials is a magnificent textbook that illustrates in a wonderful way how petrology and mineralogy relate to our planet Earth, its formation and modification by igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary processes. Outstanding photographs and detailed thin section images are neatly combined with clear illustrations, fostering the link between observations and fundamental theoretical principles. A new section in the second edition about thermodynamics and kinetics nicely complements the thorough coverage of key concepts in petrology and mineralogy. The available online resources are an essential aid for teaching, and students will benefit from the review questions at the end of each chapter. Earth Materials is simply a great textbook, which I can highly recommend."
– Ralf Halama, Keele University
"Earth Materials captures the fundamentals of mineralogy and petrology in a one-semester text in a surprisingly thorough and direct way. This book can be successfully used for both one-semester courses and two-semester sequences. My students appreciate the clear, color images, and I appreciate the depth of information provided."
– Christine M. Clark, Eastern Michigan University
"There is an increasing trend to condense mineralogy and petrology into a one semester course, and Earth Materials: An Introduction to Mineralogy and Petrology authored by Klein and Philpotts, provides the perfect textbook for such a course. It is extensive enough to supply fundamental information on mineralogy and petrology separately, while also seamlessly integrating these two subjects into a cohesive entity. Most impressive to me are the extensive colour figures and thin sections for most of the rock types."
– Zhaohui (George) Li, University of Wisconsin
"I have used this textbook in my undergraduate Earth Materials course since its publication in 2013, and the second edition adds important new elements, including a more comprehensive treatment of thermodynamics and phase equilibria. The components that made the first edition so welcome are still here: the integration of crystallography with sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic geology; the colorful images of atomic structures, minerals and geologic localities; and the consideration of the role that minerals play in our society. It is by far the best text for those of us who have to cover all the mineralogical and petrological bases in one semester."
– Peter J. Heaney, Pennsylvania State University
"I really like the way this book organizes the subjects of mineralogy and petrology to emphasize the connection between plate tectonics, mantle processes, mineral stability, and rock composition. Teaching with this organization clearly reinforces the big picture of geologic processes while digging into enough depth in each subject area to prepare students to tackle integrated geologic problems."
– Alexis Sitchler, Colorado School of Mines
"Brilliant! Absolutely brilliant! A landmark text in the Earth Sciences for modern times! The color illustrations, figures and photographs of all things geologically important, accompanied by lucid text, will seductively attract young minds. The chapters covering wide-ranging topics are all relevant for 21st century students of Earth and material science. I can't think of a better text that is a 'must buy' for our undergraduates."
– Asish R. Basu, University of Texas, Arlington
Reviews of the first edition:
"The Klein and Philpotts text offers the perfect blend of basic concepts with beautiful illustrations and descriptions of the essential Earth materials for introductory students in geology and environmental geoscience courses. The book is well written and advanced concepts that are introduced are appropriate for the level. This book is destined to become widely adopted in Earth materials courses in the new, more environmentally conscious Earth science curriculums."
– Chris Hepburn, Boston College
"While maintaining the mineralogical and petrological rigor for which these two Earth scientists are well known, this textbook makes minerals and rocks extremely interesting even to those who don't already know that they are. This excellent textbook makes it is easier for students to learn about Earth materials by presenting rocks and minerals in the context of their geologic environment. Rock nomenclature is easier to remember, as it is presented in tandem with photographs of rocks and thin sections. I thoroughly recommend this textbook, and I am planning to use it in my own courses."
– Jo Laird, University of New Hampshire
"This book is outstanding! Clearly and engagingly written and magnificently illustrated (the cover alone makes one want to open the book!), this is destined to be the text of choice for Earth materials courses for a long time."
– Sheila Seaman, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
"This well organized and attractive volume fills an important niche by providing an integrated mineralogy-petrology textbook that can serve a stand-alone one-semester course or be used to provide the foundation for additional coursework in the discipline. Countless students have benefited from Kase and Tony's textbooks over the years. I am confident that countless more will gain from the new volume."
– Brandon E. Schwab, Professor and Chair, Department of Geology, Humboldt State University
"This well laid out and beautifully illustrated book is ideal for a one-semester introductory course that covers the basics of mineralogy, optical mineralogy and the petrology of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. The summary and review questions at the end of each chapter and the online resources are particularly useful for students and teaching purposes. I will certainly adopt the book for my course."
– Ralf Gertisser, Keele University
"This is a long-awaited text on Earth materials by two distinguished mineralogists/petrologists. The present book stands out among others in that it contains many excellent color figures and photos. I would adopt this book in my course carrying the same title."
– Yuch-Ning Shieh, Purdue University
"Klein and Philpotts' Earth Materials is an outstanding text for today's curricula. It is well written, logically organized, and beautifully illustrated. Indeed it is a fine capstone to the careers of two distinguished geologists."
– Dr Tomas Feininger, The Canadian Mineralogist
" [...] written by two eminent university professors, [this] is a remarkable assemblage of all information needed for a solid foundation in mineralogy and petrology. Students of these subjects will find this an important and all-inclusive reference in studying the major rock groups and the chemistry of minerals [...] the serious mineral collector can also gain a useful and sound understanding of the earth sciences from this informative work [...] intended for serious students and will serve very well as a textbook in a mineralogy or petrology classroom."
– Bob Jones, Rock and Gem