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About this book
About this book
The idea of ecological modernization originated in Western Europe in the 1980s, gaining attention around the world by the late 1990s. At the core of this social scientific and policy-oriented approach is the view that contemporary societies have the capability of dealing with their environmental crises.
Experiences in some countries demonstrate that modern institutions can incorporate environmental interests into their daily routines. Elsewhere, economic and political interests dominate development trajectories and environmental deterioration continues, challenging the premises of ecological modernization. This volume brings together research on ecological modernization practices around the world. Studies on Western, Central and Eastern Europe, the USA and South-East Asia examine the applicability of this approach to advanced industrial countries, transitional economies and developing countries respectively.
Authors critically examine the premises of ecological modernization theory, assess its value for understanding past and present environmental transformations, and outline paths for designing future sustainable development.
Theoretical perspectives: ecological modernization in debate - a review, Arthur P.J. Mol and Gert Spaargaren; lifestyles, consumption and the environment - the ecological modernization of domestic consumption, Gert Spaargaren and Bas van Vliet; ecological modernization, environmental knowledge, and national character - a preliminary analysis of the Netherlands, Mauri Jo Cohen. Case studies around the world: putting the ecological modernization thesis to the test - the promises and performance of urban recycling, David H.O. Pellow, Allan Schaiberg and Adam S. Weinberg; Europeanization and ecological modernization - agri-environmental policy and practices in Finland, Pekka Jokinen. Transitional economies: ecological modernization as cultural politics - transformations of civic environmental activism in Lithuania, Leonardus Rinkevicius; legacy of waste or wasted legacy? - the end of industrial ecology in post-socialist Hungary, Zsuzsa Gille. Developing countries: contradictions of ecological modernization - pulp and paper manufacturing in South-east Asia, David A. Sonnenfeld; ecologian modernization theory and industrializing economies - the case of Viet Nam, Jos Frijns, Phung Thuy Phuong and Arthur J. Mol.