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Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments provides syntheses of ecological theories and overarching patterns of urban bird ecology that have only recently become available. The numerous habitats represented in this book ranges from rows of trees in wooded alleys, to wastelands and remnants of natural habitats encapsulated in the urban matrix. Authored by leading scientists in this emergent field, the chapters explore how the characteristics of the habitat in urban environments influence bird communities and populations at multiple levels of ecological organization and at different spatial and temporal scales, and how this information should be incorporated in urban planning to achieve an effective conservation of bird fauna in urban environments.
are among the most conspicuous and fascinating residents of urban neighborhoods and provide urban citizens with everyday wildlife contact all over the world. However, present urbanization trends are rapidly depleting their habitats, and thus knowledge of urban bird ecology is urgently needed if birds are to thrive in cities.
Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments is unique in its inclusion of examples from all continents (except Antarctica) in an effort to arrive at a more holistic perspective. Among other issues, the individual chapters address the censusing of birds in urban green spaces; the relationship between bird communities and the structure of urban green spaces; the role of exotic plant species as food sources for urban bird fauna; the influence of artificial light and pollutants on bird fauna; trends in long-term urban bird research, and transdisciplinary studies on bird sounds and their effects on humans. Several chapters investigate how our current knowledge of the ecology of urban bird fauna should be applied in order to achieve better management of urban habitats so as to achieve conservation of species or even increase species diversity. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments also provides a forward-looking summary on potential research directions. As such, it provides a valuable resource for urban ecologists, urban ecology students, landscape architects, city planners, decision makers and anyone with an interest in urban ornithology and bird conservation. Moreover, it provides a comprehensive overview for researchers in the fields of ecology and conservation of urban bird fauna.
- Introduction (Murgui, E. & Hedblom, M.)
Section 1: GENERAL PATTERNS AND PROCESSES
- Global patterns and drivers of urban birds (Aronson, M. et al.)
- Birds and urbanization: Spatial and temporal patterns emerging from the southern Neotropics (Bellocq, I.)
- The role of landscape scale factors in shaping the composition of urban birds communities (Litteral, J. & Shochat, E.)
- Non-indigenous birds and urbanized environments (Sol, D.)
- Mechanisms of behavioural changes in urban animals: the role of evolution and plasticity (Miranda, A.C.)
Section 2: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES
- Ornithological atlases of towns and cities in Europe (Luniak, M.)
- Counting birds in urban areas (van Heezik, Y. & Seddon, P.)
- Long-Term Urban Avian Research (Ficino, M. & Magle, S.)
Section 3: URBAN BIRD HABITATS MANAGEMENT
- Management of urban nature and its impact on bird fauna (Heyman, E. & Gunnarsson, B.)
- Green infrastructure in urban areas: how does it affect bird populations? (Chiquet, C.)
- Social and ecological factors determining the diversity of birds in residential landscapes (Goddard, M. & Leman, S.)
- Facilitating Feathered Friends - Improving Avifauna Promotion in Post-construction Urban Planning Procedures (Daniels, G.)
- The role of invasive plant species in urban avian conservation (Gleditsch, J.)
- Birds and wastelands (Meffert, P.)
Section 4: ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS
- Pollutants in urbanized areas - direct and indirect effects on bird populations (Kekkonen, J.)
- Going wild: Using light-loggers to investigate the effects of light pollution on wild animals (Dominoni, D.)
- Bird diversity - panacea for human well-being in cities? (Hedblom, M. & Gunnarsson, B.)
- Becoming citizens: avian adaptations to urban life (Macias, C., Suarez, M. & Lopez, I.)
Section 5: URBAN BIRD CONSERVATION
- How to use monitoring data for conservation (Louwe, J.)
- Indicators of the effects of the urban green infrastructure on birds (Herrando, S.)
- Richness and species of conservation concern in parks of Italian towns (Sorace, A. & Gustin, M.)
- Concluding remarks (Hedblom, M. & Murgui, E.)
After Enrique Murgui graduated as biologist in 1992 he has been involved in every sort of ornithological project from censusing bird fauna in uplands to collaborate in several NGOs, and giving professional assistance to different firms. In 2006 he received his PhD dealing with the influence of urban landscape structure on bird fauna. Since then he has been involved in a long-term research on how urbanization affect bird fauna across time, and in other research and professional projects ranging from an investigation on peri-urban farmland bird communities to monitoring bird fauna in windfarms.
Marcus Hedblom received his PhD in 2007 concerning birds and butterflies in urban and peri-urban habitats. He has since then worked as a nature conservation strategist in the fourth largest city in Sweden (Uppsala), did a post-doc at Gothenburg University and worked as a project leader at the national monitoring program for biodiversity (NILS) at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). He is presently involved in numerous transdisciplinary research projects concerning urban ecosystem services and leader of a research group studying human stress reduction from natural sounds in cities at SLU. Marcus is an associate editor of the Journal Urban Ecosystems and founder of the Swedish Think tank Green City.
"[...] This is a fantastic, holistic consideration of urban avifauna, covering topics as diverse as non-native species, avian adaptations to urban ecosystems, behavioural change, microevolution, phenotypic plasticity, pollution efforts, brownfield sites, garden birds, and ecosystems services. It is also refreshing to see consideration of global patterns, complex multi-way interactions and monitoring frameworks selected for inclusion. [...] Yes, it is a book on birds in urban ecosystems but it is also a book of urban ecology (or even ecology more generally) simply discussed through the medium of urban birds."
– Anne Goodenough, BES Bulletin, 49(1)