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The El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. In El Niño and the Southern Oscillation leading experts summarize information gained over the past decade concerning diverse aspects of ENSO, which have led to marked improvements in our ability to forecast its development months or seasons in advance. El Niño and the Southern Oscillation compares ENSO's modern morphology and variability with its recent historic and prehistoric behaviour. It expands and updates Diaz and Markgraf's earlier volume El Niño: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation (1992, Cambridge University Press). El Niño and the Southern Oscillation will be of importance to a broad range of scientists in meteorology, oceanography, hydrology, geosciences, ecology, public health, emergency management response and mitigation, and decision-making. It will also be used as a supplementary textbook and reference source in graduate courses in environmental studies.
Part I. Global and Regional Characteristics and Impacts of Enson Variability
1. ENSO and climatic variability in the last 150 years R. Allan
2. Understanding and predicting extratropical teleconnections related to ENSO M. Hoerling and A. Kumar
3. Global modes of ENSO and non-ENSO sea surface temperature variability and their associations with climate D. B. Enfield and A. Nunez-Mesta
4. Multiscale streamflow variability associated with El Nino/Southern Oscillation M. D. Dettinger et al
5. El Nino-Southern Oscillation and the seasonal predictability of tropical cyclones C. W. Landsea
6. Climate and ENSO variability associated with Vector-borne diseases in Colombia G. Poveda et al.
Part II. Long-Term Chances in ENSO Historical Paleoclimatic, and Theoretical Aspects
7. The documentary historical record of El Nino events in Peru: an update of the Quinn Record (sixteenth through nineteenth centuries) L. Ortlieb
8. Tree-ring records of past ENSO variability and forcing E. R. Cook et al
9. The tropical ice core record of ENSO L. G. Thompson et al
10. Long-term variability in the El Nino/Southern Oscillation and associated teleconnections M. E. Mann et al
11. Modulation of ENSO on decadal and longer time scales R. Kleeman and S. Power
12. Global climate change and El Nino: a theoretical framework D.-Z. Sun
13. The ENSO record in the Holocene: a synthesis V. Markgraf and H. F. Diaz
"The editors express the hope that this book makes a contribution toward a broader understanding of the ENSO phenomenon, by providing an updated synthesis of some of the significant accomplishments toward this goal, and by highlighting some of the areas where gaps in our knowledge still exists. Their hopes have been realized."
- Mark A. Cane, EOS
"[...] a useful book for the university library or climate scientist with a major interest in El Niño or long-term climate variability."
- Grant Bigg, Weather
"[...] an excellent reference and guide to those in research as well as policy areas."
"[...] ideally suited to anyone interested in reviewing recent developments in knowledge of climate variability and the role of the El Niño phenomenon."
- World Meteorological Organization Bulletin
"[...] a wealth of information in a well edited and readable way [...]"
- Andreas Hense, Meteorologische Zeitschrift
"This is an admirable publication and would be ideal for anyone who wishes to develop an excellent grounding in past, present and future ENSO activity."
- Journal of Quaternary Science