About this book
The largest comprehensive reference source of current immunological knowledge available, providing a broad scope and high level of expertise to the many aspects of the field of immunology and related areas, including microbiology, virology and parasitology.
Preface. Acknowledgements. Contributors. VOLUME 1 - A-Co: ABO Blood Group. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Acquired Immune Response. Acute Inflammatory Reaction. Acute Phase Proteins. Adenovirus, Infection and Immunity. Adhesion Molecules. Adjuvant Arthritis. Adjuvants. Adrenal Autoimmunity. Affinity. Affinity Chromatography. Affinity Labeling. Affinity Maturation. African Swine Fever. Agglutination. Aging and the Immune System. Allelic Exclusion. Allergens. Alloantigens. Allotypes, Immunoglobulin. Amebiasis. Amphibian Immune System. Amyloid. Anaphylatoxins. Anemia, Autoimmune Hemolytic in Animal Models. Anemia, Autoimmune Hemolytic in Human Models. Anemia, Drug-Induced Immune Hemolytic. Anemia, Pernicious. Anergy, B Cell. Anergy, T Cell. Annexins (Lipocortins). Anti-Globulin (Coombs') Test. Anti-Inflammatory (Nonsteroidal) Drugs. Anti-Lymphocyte Serum. Anti-Nuclear Antibodies. Anti-Oxidant Micronutrients and the Immune System. Antibodies: Antigenicity of. Antibodies, Bispecific. Antibodies, Detection of. Antibodies, Secretion. Antibodies, Specificity. Antibodies, Snythesis. Antibody-Antigen Complexes, Three-Dimensional Structures. Antibody-Antigen Intermolecular Forces. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity. Antigen-Binding Site. Antigen-Presenting Cells. Antigen-Specific Cells: Enrichment and Isolation. Antigen Clearance. Antigen, Entry into the Body. Antigen Presentation via MHC Class I Molecules. Antigen Presentation via MHC Class II Molecules. Antigenic Variation. Antigens. Antigens, Cell Surface. Antigens, T Dependent and Independent. Antiserum. Apoptosis. Arachidonic Acid and the Leukotrienes. Arenavirus, Infection and Immunity. Argining and Immunity. Arthus Reaction. Ascariasis. Asthma. Ataxia Telangiectasia. Atopic Allergy. Attenuated Organisms as Vaccines. Autoantibodies, Tests for. Autoantigens. Autoimmune Disease, Induced Animal Models. Autoimmune Disease, Pathogenesis. Autoimmune Disease, Spontaneous Animal Models. Autoimmune Diseases. Autoimmunity. Autoradiography. Avian Immune System. B7 (CD80 and CD86). Babesiosis. Bacillus, Infection and Immunity. Bacteria, Immunity to. Bacterial Cell Walls. Bacterial Immunoglobulin-Binding Proteins. Bacteroides, Infection and Immunity. Bare Lymphocyte Syndrome. Basophils. BCG. Behavioral Regulation of Immunity. Bence Jones Proteins. Biozzi Mice. Blood Transfusion Reactions. B Lymphocyte Activation. B Lymphocyte Antigen Processing and Presentation. B Lymphocyte Differentiation. B Lymphocyte Repertoire. B Lymphocytes. beta2-Microglobulin. bmMutants. Bone Marrow and Hematopoiesis. Bordetella, Infection and Immunity. Borrelia, Infection and Immunity. Brucella, Infection and Immunity. Bruton's Agammaglobulinemia. Bunyaviridae, Infection and Immunity. Bursa of Fabricius. Bystander Effects. Calicivirus, Infection and Immunity. Campath-1 Antigen (CD52). Campylobacter, Infection and Immunity. Candida, Infection and Immunity. Canine Immune System. Capping, Clustering, Membrane Microdomains and Cell Surface Dynamics. Carbohydrate Antigens. Cardiac Disease, Autoimmune. Carrier. Catalytic Antibodies. CD Antigens. CD1. CD2. CD3. CD4. CD5. CD8. CD22. CD28. CD40 and its Ligand. CD44. CD45. CD46 (Membrane Cofactor Protein, MCP). CD59. Cell-Mediated Immunity. Cell-Mediated Lysis. Cell Separation Techniques. Cell Surface Molecules, Immunoprecipitation of. Cell Surface Receptors and Adhesion Molecules, Three Dimensional Structures. Chagas' Disease. Chediak-Higashi Syndrome. Chemokines. Chemotaxis. Chemotaxis of Lymphocytes. Chemotaxis of Macrophages and Monocytes. Chemotaxis of Neurophils. Chemerism, Hematopoietic. Chlamydia, Infection and Immunity. Chromosome Translocations of Immune Genes. Chronic Active and Autoimmune Hepatitis. Chronic Granulomatous Disease. Circulatory System Infections. Clonal Deletion. Clonal Selection. Clostridium, Infection and Immunity. Clotting System. Cobra Venom Factor. Coccidiodes, Infection and Immunity. Coccidiosis. Cold Agglutinins. Colony-Stimulated Factors. Common Variable Immunodeficiency. Complement, Alternative Pathway. Complement, Classical Pathway. Complement Deficiencies. Complement Fixation Test. Complement, Genetics. Complement, Membrane Attack Pathway. Complement Receptors. Congenic Mice. Contact Hypersensitivity. Contraception, Immunological. Contrasuppression. Cooperation, Mechanisms of Cellular. VOLUME 2 - Cop-Idi: Copper and the Immune System. Coronavirus, Infection and Immunity. Coryneform Bacteria, Infection and Immunity. C-Reactive Protein. Cryoglobulin. Cryopreservation of Immune Cells. Cryptococcosis, Infection and Immunity. Cryptosporidiosis. Cutaneous Anaphylaxis. Cyclosporine. Cysticercosis. Cytokine Assays. Cytokine Genes, Regulation of. Cytokine Inhibitors. Cytokine Receptors. Cytokine Receptors, Soluble. Cytokines. Cytomegalovirus, Infection and Immunity. Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes. Cytotoxicity, Assays for. Cytotoxicity, Mechanisms of. Decay-Accelerating Factor (CD55). Degranulation. Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity. Dendritic Cells. Deoxyguanosine. Dermatological Infections. Determinant Spreading. Diapedesis. DiGeorge Syndrome. Diversity, Generation of. DNA Vaccines. Domains, Immunoglobulin-Type. Drugs, Allergy to. Echinococcus, Infection and Immunity. Eczema. Effector Lymphocytes. Electron Microscopy, Immunological Applications. Elispot Assay. Embryonic Antigens. Endothelium. Endotoxin (Lipopolysaccaride (LPS)). Enhancement, Immunological. Enzyme Labeling of Antibodies and Antigens. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Eosinophil Chemotactic Factors. Eosinophils. Epitopes. Epstein-Barr Virus, Infection and Immunity. Erythrocytes. Escherichia coli, Infection and Immunity. Exercise and the Immune Response. Exocytosis. Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis. Extracellular Matrix. Eye, Autoimmune Disease. Eye Infections. FAS (CD95) and FAS Ligand. Fascioliasis. Fatty Acids (Dietary) and the Immune System. Fc Receptors. Feline Immune System. Fetal Calf Serum. Fetus as Allograft. Fever. Fibroblasts. Fibronectin. Filariasis, Lymphatic. Filoviruses (Marburg Virus and Ebola Virus), Infection and Immunity. Fish Immune System. Flavivirus, Infection and Immunity. Flow Cytometry. Fluorochrome Labeling. Food Allergy. Forssman Antigen. Francisella, Infection and Immunity. Fungi, Immunity to. Fusobacterium, Infection and Immunity. Gammaglobulin. Gastrointestinal Tract Infections. Gene Conversion. Gene Therapy. Genetic Analysis at the Molecular Level. Genetic Analysis at the Phenotypic Level. Germ-Free Animals. Germinal Center. Glucocorticoids. Glycosylation of Immune System Molecules. Goodpasture's Syndrome. Graft Rejection. Graft-Versus-Host Reaction. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF). Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF). Granuloma. Granzymes. Gravity, Effect of Space Flight on Immunity. Guinea Pig, Inbred Strains of. H2 Class I. H2 Class II. H2 Class III Region. Haemophilus, Infection and Immunity. Hapten. Heavy Chain Diseases. Helicobacter Pylori, Infection and Immunity. Helper T Lymphocytes. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn. Hepatitis A Virus, Infection and Immunity. Hepatitis B Virus, Infection and Immunity. Hepatitis C Virus, Infection and Immunity. Hepatitis E, F and G Viruses, Infection and Immunity. Herpes Simplex Virus, Infection and Immunity. Herpesvirus-6, Infection and Immunity. Herpesvirus-8, Infection and Immunity. Heterophile Antibodies. High Endothelial Venules. Histamine. Histoplasma, Infection and Immunity. HLA Class I. HLA Class II. HLA Class III Region. Hookworm Disease. hu-SCID Mice. Human Immunodeficiency Viruses. Humanized Antibodies. Humoral Immunity. Hybridomas, B Cell. Hybridomas, T Cell. Hydrostatic Pressure, Effect on Immune System. H-Y, The Male-Specific Transplantation Antigen. Hypergammaglobulinemia. Hyper-lgM Syndrome. Hypersensitivity Reactions. Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura. Idiotype. Idotype, Internal Image. Idotype Network. VOLUME 3 - Iga-Nud: lgalpha/lgbeta (CD79a/CD79b). lgA. lgD. lgE. lgG. lgM. I-J. Immune Adherence. Immune Complexes. Immune Response. Immune Response (lr) Genes. Immune Response In Vitro. Immune Surveillance. Immune System, Anatomy of. Immunoadsorbents. Immunoassays. Immunoconglutinins. Immunocytochemistry and Enzyme Markers. Immunodeficiency, Animal Models of . Immunodeficiency, Primary. Immunodeficiency, Secondary. Immunodiffusion, Single Radial. Immunodominance. Immunoelectrophoresis. Immunogen. Immunoglobulin, Cell Surface. Immunoglobulin Class Switching. Immunoglobulin, Evolution of. Immunoglobulin, Functions. Immunoglobulin Gene Superfamily. Immunoglobulin Genes. Immunoglobulin Structure. Immunology, A Brief Historical Perspective. Immunopathology. Immunopotentiation. Immunosuppression. Immunotherapy of Allergic Diseases. Immunotherapy of Autoimmune Diseases. Immunotherapy of Tumors. Immunotoxicology. Inbred Strains. Infertility, Immunological Causes of. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Animal Models. Influenza Virus (Orthomyxovirus), Infection and Immunity. Innate Immunity. Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental Models . Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Human. Integrins. Intercellular Adhesion Molecules: ICAM-1, ICAM-2 and ICAM-3. Interferon alpha. Interferon beta. Interferon gamma. Interferon gamma Receptor. Interleukin 1 and its Receptor. Interleukin 2. Interleukin 2 Receptor. Interleukin 3. Interleukin 3 Receptor. Interleukin 4. Interleukin 4 Receptor. Interleukin 5 and its Receptor. Interleukin 6. Interleukin 6 Receptor. Interleukin 7 and its Receptor. Interleukin 8 and its Receptor. Interleukin 9 and its Receptor. Interleukin 10 and its Receptor. Interleukin 11 and its Receptor. Interleukin 12 and its Receptor. Interleukin 13 and its Receptor. Interleukin 15 and its Receptor. Invariant Chain (li). Invertebrate Immune Systems. Iridovirus, Infection and Immunity. Iron and the Immune System. ISCOM (Immuno-Stimulating Complex). Isoelectric Focusing. Isotype. Joining (J) Chain. Kallikrein-Kinin System. Klebsiella, Infection and Immunity. Knockout, Genetic. Langerhans Cells. Large Granular Lymphocytes. Lectins. Legionella, Infection and Immunity. Leishmaniasis. Leptospira, Infection and Immunity. Leukemia. Leukemia Inhibitory Factor. Leukemia Viruses. Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency. Leukocyte Culture. Lewis x/Sialyl-Lewisx (CD15/CD15S). Lifespan of Immune Cells and Molecules. Limiting Dilution Analysis. Linkage Disequilibrium. Liposomes. Listeria, Infection and Immunity. Lymphatic System. Lymph Nodes. Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen 1 (LFA-1). Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen 3 (LFA-3). Lymphocyte Trafficking. Lymphocyte Transformation Test. Lymphocytes. Lymphokine-Activated Killer (LAK) Cells. Lymphoma. Lymphotoxin. Macrophage Activation. Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (CSF-1). Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF). Malaria. Marsupial Immune System. Mast Cells. Maternal Antibodies. Maturation of Immune Responses. Membrane-Associated Cytoskeleton: Role in Regulating Immune Cell Function. Memory, Immunological. Mercury and the Immune System. MHC Disease Associations. MHC, Evolution of. MHC, Functions of. MHC Peptide-Binding Specificity. MHC Restriction. Microbicidal Mechanisms, Oxygen-Dependent. Microbicidal Mechanisms, Oxygen-Independent. Microenvironment. Minor Transplantation (Histocompatibility) Antigens. Mixed Lymphocyte Reaction. Molecular Mimicry. Monoclonal Antibodies (mAbs). Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein (CMCP-1). Monocytes. Mononuclear Phagocyte System. Motility of Immune Cells. Mouse Inbred Strains. Mouse Inbred Strains, Origins of. Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT). Mucosal Immunity. Multiple Sclerosis. Mycobacteria, Infection and Immunity. Mycoplasma, Infection and Immunity. Myeloid Antigens. Natural Antibodies. Natural Killer (NK) Cells. Neisseria, Infection and Immunity. Neonatal Immune Response. Nephelometry. Neuroendocrine Regulation of Immunity. Neurological Autoimmune Diseases. Neurological Infections. Neuromuscular Junction Autoimmunity. Neutralization of Biological Reactions by Antibodies. Neutrophils. Nitric Oxide. Nocardia, Infection and Immunity. Northern Blotting. Nude (Athymic) Mice. VOLUME 4 - Nut-Z: Nutrition and the Immune System. Onchocerciasis. Ontogeny of the Immune Response. Opisthorchiasis-Clonorchiasis. Opportunistic Infections. Opsonization. Oral Immunology. Oral Tolerance. Organ Culture of Lymphoid Cells. Ovine Immune System. Papillomavirus, Infection and Immunity. Paramyxoviruses, Infection and Immunity. Parasites, Immunity to. Parvovirus, Infection and Immunity. Pasteurella, Infection and Immunity. Perforin. Phage Display of Antibodies. Phagocytosis. Phorbol Esters. Photoimmunology. Phylogeny of Immune Response. Phytohemagglutinin (PHA). Picornavirus, Infection and Immunity. Plaque-Forming Cell (PFC) Assays. Plasma. Plasmapheresis. Platelet-Activating Factor (PAF). Platelets. Pneumocystis Carini, Infection and Immunity. Pokeweed Mitogen (PWM). Polyclonal Activators. Polyendocrine Autoimmunity. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Amplification. Polyomavirus, Infection and Immunity. Porcine Immune System. Poxvirus, Infection and Immunity. Precipitation Reaction. Primary Biliary Cirrhosis. Primate (Nonhuman) Immune System. Privileged Sites. Prokaryotes, Immunity in. Proliferation, Lymphocyte. Prostaglandins. Protein Kinases. Protein Separation Techniques. Proteus, Infection and Immunity. Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: Infection and Immunity. Rabbit Immune System. Radiation, Effects on Immune System. Radiolabeling. Rat, Inbred Strains of. Recruitment. Relative Risk. Renal Infections. Reovirus, Infection and Immunity. Reproductive Tract Infections. Reptilian Immune System. Respiratory and Cardiac Infections. Retroviral Vectors. Retrovirus, Infection and Immunity. Rhabdovirus, Infection and Immunity. Rh Antigens. Rheumatoid Arthritis, Animal Models. Rheumatoid Arthritis, Human. Rheumatological Disorders. Rhinitis, Allergic. Rickettsia, Infection and Immunity. Rosetting Techniques. Salmonells, Infection and Immunity. Sarcoidosis. Schistosomiasis. SDS-Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Second Signals for Lymphocyte Activation. Secretory Component (The Polymeric lg Receptor). Selectins (CD62-E/L/P). Septic Shock. Serotonin. Serum Sickness. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency. Sex Hormones and Immunity. Shigella, Infection and Immunity. Sjogren's Syndrome. Skin, Autoimmune Diseases. Skin, Contribution to Immunity. Somatic Mutation. Southern Blotting. Specificity. Spleen. Staphylococcus, Infection and Immunity. Statistics, Use in Immunology. Streptobacillus, Infection and Immunity. Streptococcus, Infection and Immunity. Stress and the Immune System. Stress Proteins. Stromal Cells. Strongyloidiasis. Superantigens. Suppressor T Lymphocytes. Surface Plasmon Resonance. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Animal Models. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, (SLE), Human. Targeting of Immunological Agents. T Cell Receptor alphabeta. T Cell Receptor gammadelta. T Cell Receptor, Evolution of. T Cell Receptor, Recognition by. T Cell Receptor Vaccination. Theileriosis. THY-1. Thymic Epithelium: Potential Role in Regulatory T Cell Tolerance. Thymic Hormones and Peptides. Thymus. Thyroid Autoimmunity, Animal Models. Thyroid Autoimmunity, Human. Tissue Typing. T Lymphocyte Activation. T Lymphocyte Clonal Expansion. T Lymphocyte Differentiation. T Lymphocytes. T Lymphocyte, Autoreactive. TNF Receptors. Togavirus, Infection and Immunity. Tolerance, Central. Tolerance, Models. Tolerance, Peripheral. Toxins. Toxocariasis. Toxoplasmosis. Transfer Factors. Transferrin Receptor (CD71). Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFbeta). Transfusion. Transgenic Animals. Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, Infection and Immunity. Transplantation. Treponema, Infection and Immunity. Trichuriasis. Trypanosomiasis, African. Tumor Antigens. Tumor Imaging. Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha. Tumors, Immune Response to. Tumors, Immunological Escape of. Ultracentrifugation. Ungulate Immune Systems. Urinary Tract Infections. Vaccination, Methods of Administration. Vaccines. Vaccines, Adverse Reactions to. Valency of Antigens and Antibodies. Varicella-Zoster Virus, Infection and Immunity. Venoms. Veto Cells. Viability, Methods of Assessing Leukocyte. Vibrio Cholerae, Infection and Immunity. Virusus, Immunity to. Viruses, Infection and Immune Cells by. Vitamin A and the Immune System. Vitamin B Group and the Immune System. Vitamin C and the Immune System. Vitamin D and the Immune System. Vitamin E and the Immune System. Vitiligo. Western Blotting. Xenotransplantation. Yersinia, Infection and Immunity. Zinc and the Immune System. Color Plate Section. Glossary. Index.