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About this book
About this book
Winner of the Claire P. Holdredge Award 2004, Engineering Geology and Construction is an in-depth study of the influence of geology on construction. It is the only book to concentrate on this relationship, providing comprehensive, well-referenced and up-to-date information. The full scope of the subject is considered, from site investigation through to the complexities of reservoirs and dam sites. International case studies are incorporated throughout and summaries of accepted practice described. Also included are sections on the disposal of waste, and contaminated land. A thorough coverage of theory, and practical demonstrations of its applications, makes Engineering Geology and Construction an invaluable book for students and practitioners in the fields of geology, engineering and construction.
Chapter 1. Land evaluation and site investigation. 1.1Desk study and preliminary reconnaissance. 1.2 Remote sensing imagery and aerial photgraphs. 1.3 Terrain evaluation. 1.4 Geographical information systems. 1.5 Mapping. 1.6 Site exploration: direct methods. 1.7 Recording discontinuity data. 1.8 In situ testing. 1.9 Indirect methods of exploration: geophysical techniques. 1.10 Field instrumentation. 1.11 References. Chapter 2. Open Excavation and slopes. 2.1 Methods of excavation: drilling and blasting. 2.2 Methods of excavation: ripping. 2.3 Diggability. 2.4 Displacement in soils. 2.5 Displacement in rock masses. 2.6 A brief note on slope stability analysis. 2.7 Ground movements and excavation. 2.8 Groundwater and excavation. 2.9 Monitoring slopes. 2.10 Methods of slope control and stabilization. 2.11 A note on cofferdams and caissons. Chapter 3. Subsurface excavations. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Geological conditions and tunnelling. 3.3 Excavation of tunnels. 3.4 Tunnel support. 3.5 Tunnelling and subsidence. 3.6 Underground caverns. 3.7 Shafts and raises. Chapter 4. Foundation conditions and buildings. 4.1 Total and effective pressure. 4.2 Stress distribution in soil. 4.3 Bearing Capacity. 4.4 Contact pressure. 4.5 Consolidation and settlement. 4.6 Subsidence. 4.7 Earthquakes and ground movements. 4.8 Problem soils. 4.9 Ground treatment. 4.10 Types of foundations structure. Chapter 5. Routeways. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Roadways. 5.3 Embankments. 5.4 Reinforced earth. 5.5 Soil stabilization. 5.6 Use of geotextiles in road construction. 5.7 Drainage. 5.8 Railroads. 5.9 Bridges. Chapter 6. Reservoirs and dam sites. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Investigation of reservoir sites. 6.3 Leakage from reservoirs. 6.4 Stability of the sides of reservoirs. 6.5 Sedimentation in reservoirs. 6.6 Pumped storage reservoirs. 6.7 Reservoirs and induced simicity. 6.8 Types of dam. 6.9 Forces on dam. 6.10 Geology and dam sites. 6.11 Embankment dams. 6.12 Grouting. 6.13 Drainage systems. 6.14 Impervious blankets. Chapter 7. Hydrogeology. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Capillary movement in soil and soil suction. 7.3 Springs. 7.4 Water budget studies. 7.6 Flow through soils and rocks. 7.7 Groundwater exploration. 7.8 Assessment of permeability and flow. 7.9 Water quality and uses. 7.10 Wells. 7.11 Safe yield. 7.12 Artificial recharge. 7.13 Groundwater pollution. 7.14 Groundwater monitoring and groundwater protection zones. 7.15 Rising water tables. Chapter 8. River and coastal engineering. 8.1 Fluvial processes. 8.2 Floods. 8.3 Factors affecting run-off. 8.4 Assessment of run-off. 8.5 Hazard zoning, warning systems and adjustments. 8.6 River control and flood regulation. 8.7 The coastal zone. 8.8 Coastal erosion. 8.9 Beaches and longshore drift. 8.10 Shoreline investigation. 8.11 Protective barriers. 8.12 Stabilization of longshore drift. 8.13 Storm surges and marine inundation. 8.14 Tsunamis. Chapter 9. Waste and its disposal. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Domestic refuse and sanitary landfill