This is the first comprehensive exploration of why human security is relevant to the Arctic and what achieving it can mean, covering the areas of health of the environment, identity of peoples, supply of traditional foods, community health, economic opportunities, and political stability. The traditional definition of security has already been actively employed in the Arctic region for decades, particularly in relation to natural resource sovereignty issues, but how and why should the human aspect be introduced? What can this region teach us about human security in the wider world?
Environmental Change and Human Security in the Arctic reviews the potential threats to security, putting them in an analytical framework and indicating a clear path for solutions.Contributions come from natural, social and humanities scientists, hailing from Canada, Russia, Ukraine, Finland and Norway.
Environmental Change and Human Security in the Arctic is an essential resource for policy-makers, community groups, researchers and students working in the field of human security, particularly for those in the Arctic regions.
Preface: Remarks by Ambassador Shirley Wolff Serafini at the Human Security in the Arctic Seminar
1. Introduction: Hoogensen Gjørv and Goloviznina
Part 1: The Diversity of Arctic Security
2. Competing Perceptions of Security in the Arctic Hoogensen Gjørv and Goloviznina
3. Cold War Legacies in Russia’s Svalbard Policy Åtland and Pedersen
4. A New Northern Security: Environmental Degradation and Risks, Climate Change, Energy Security, Trans-nationalism and Flows of Globalization and Governance Heininen
Part 2: Arctic Security in a Changing Environment
5. Arctic Environmental Security and Abrupt Climate ChangeBriggs
6. Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and the Technology Interface David Malcolm
7. The Sustainability Transition: Governing Coupled Human/Natural systems Oran Young
Part 3: Health and Human Security
8. Health and Human Security Communicable Diseases in the Post-Soviet ArcticRowe, Wilson Rowe and Hønneland
9. Telemedicine as a Tool for Improving Human Security Linstad
10. Health Security vs Economic Security? The Case of Komi Hoogensen Gjørv and Goloviznina
Part 4: Human Security in Focus: Women and Aboriginal Peoples
11. Aboriginal Self-Determination and Resource Development Activity: Improving Human Security in the Canadian Arctic Slowey
12. Human Security and Women's Security in North West Russia Kirsti Stuvøy
13. Democratization in Russia: the Political Exclusion and Commodification of Women Maria Lvova
14. Bridging the GAPS between Ecology and Human Security Dawn R. Bazely, Julia Christensen, Andrew J. Tanentzap, Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv and J. Zoe Wilson
15: Examining Arctic Security Marina Goloviznina and Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv
Gunhild Hoogensen is Associate Professor in International Relations at the University of Tromsø, Norway.
Dawn Bazely is Professor of Biology at York University, Toronto and is Director of IRIS, the university's Institute for Research and Innovation in Sustainability (2006-11, 2012-13). Trained in the ecological field of plant-animal interactions, at the universities of Toronto and Oxford, she has carried out extensive field research in grasslands and forests, from temperate to arctic regions. She led the Canadian section of the International Polar Year project, GAPS, Gas, Arctic Peoples and Security, and recently spent her sabbatical as a Charles Bullard Fellow at Harvard Forest, Harvard University.
Marina Goloviznina is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Tromsø in the Department of Sociology, Political Science and Community Planning.
Andrew Tanentzap is Banting Fellow at York University in the Department of Biology.