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About this book
About this book
Often microbiologists tend to focus on bacteria, inadvertently ignoring other microbes (i.e. algae, fungi, protozoa, and viruses). This book takes a broader approach.
Microbial Evolution and Diversity; Introduction; The origin of life; Microbial diversity and abundance; Geological evidence of early microbial life on earth; Onset of Photosynthesis and Resultant Diversification; Formation of ozone and its effects; A living Earth; Genetic materials in evolution; Molecular chronometry; Prokaryotes; Abundant but uncultured; Problems encountered by prokaryotes in the environment; Successful Adaptation by prokaryotes to the environment; Salient features of bacterial genome; Protozoa; Evolution of protozoa; Major groups of protozoa; Environmental adaptability, survival, and dispersal of protozoa; Protozoa as symbionts and parasites of metazoans; Motility, Taxes, and other modes of positioning; Physiological ecology of free-living protozoa and their impact on the environment; Reproduction in the successful existence of protozoa in the environment; Fungi, Algae and their Associations; Fungi; Algae; Viruses and Related Particles; What are viruses?; Occurrence of viruses in the environment; Survival of viruses in the environment; Other virus-like particles; Methods in Environmental Microbiology; What microorganisms are present?; Physiological status and activity of microbes in the environment; General approaches to determining microbial biomass and activity; Concluding remarks; Mechanisms of Adaptation by Microorganisms to Environmental Extremes; Principles of selective enrichment; Energetics of microbial processes in the environment; Biotic factors affecting adaptation; Abiotic (Physicochemical) factors affecting adaptation; Ecological Relationships in Exploiting Resources; Levels of ecological organization; Resources; Types of interactions; Typical microbial interactions; Microorganisms in Biogeochemical Cycling; Significance of biogeochemical cycling of nutrient elements; Carbon cycle; Nitrogen cycle; Phosphorus cycle; Sulfur cycle; Iron cycle; Microbial Interactions with Organic Pollutants; Growth-linked biodegradation; Cometabolism; Influence of physicochemical properties on organic compound biodegradation; Mechanisms of metabolizing different classes of organic pollutants; Linking knowledge of microbial metabolism to the fate of pollutants in field sites; Microbiology of the Atmosphere; Impact of microbial activities on the greenhouse effect; Bioaerosols; Interaction of Metals and Metalloids with Microorganisms in the Environment; Chemical and physical properties of environmental significance; Sources of metal pollution; Effects of metal pollution on microbes; Metal corrosion; Biotransformation and bioremoval of heavy metals from polluted environments; Biological cycling of specific heavy metal pollutants; Using microbes to leach metals; Water and Biosolids Microbiolog; Water supply; Waterborne diseases; Water purification and treatment; Water quality testing; Sewage treatment; Self-purification capacity of natural waters; Reuse of sewage and other wastes; Medical Environmental Microbiology; Ecology of infectious agents and progression of diseases; Vector-borne diseases; Food- and waterborne diseases; Airborne infections; Risk assessment; Concluding remarks; Environmental Biotechnology and Biological Control; Problems and opportunities; Some case studies of successful gene expression