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In recent years attention has concentrated on the contributions of small-scale industries to the development process, and also the part played by women's employment in trading, service, and other small-scale industries in developing countries. This book links the gender perspective on small-scale industry which explicitly concentrates on social groups, with that of the economic questions of higher employment and wider distribution of production. The first two parts of the book are specifically concerned with the role of small-scale industrial units in the development process, the changing gender division of labour in such industries and the way women combine employment with their reproductive tasks and community roles. Lessons are then drawn from development programmes directed towards women in small-scale industries or the "informal sector". The third part of the book considers these recommendations in the light of case studies in the footwear industry. Currently, existing models do not adequately consider the gender perspective in approaching the role of small-scale industries in development, nor the different approaches to employment which women utilize. Intervention programmes for women which differentiate between these groups, and further systematic research in these areas are both needed, to allow a more balanced perspective on development to evolve.
Introduction: gender aspects of small scale industry and development policies, Isa Baud. Part 1: perspectives on the role of small scale industries in Third World development; small scale industry's contribution to economic development, Roger Teszler; subcontracting - the incorporation of small producers in dynamic industrial networks, Peter Knorringa and Hermine Weijland; the labour process under amoebic capitalism - a case study of the garment industry in a south Indian Town, Pamela Cawthorne. Part 2: gender aspects and policy experiences in small scale industries; forms of production and women's labour - gender aspects of industrialization in India and Mexico, Isa Baud; gender inequality - labour market and household influences, Ines Smyth; women in small scale industries; some lessons from Africa, Marilyn Carr; women's organizations and subcontracting - a case study from India, Mira Savara. Part 3: case study - the footwear industry; recent trends in the world footwear industry, Ferenc Schmel; developments in the Indian leather and leather products industry, K. Seshagiri Rao; small scale units in the Agra leather footwear industry, George Waardenburg; women outworkers in the Neapolitan leather trade, Victoria Goddard.