About this book
Bringing together leading researchers from around the world this book reviews how vegetation and soils act as naturally occurring buffers which use up the gases responsible for global warming and the greenhouse effect. It provides in-depth information on the importance of these sinks, how they may respond to increased greenhouse gas emissions, how we can protect them and how they can help us mitigate climate change.
* Preface; * Carbon Dioxide: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks, D S Reay and J Grace; * Terrestrial Vegetation as a Carbon Dioxide Sink, G Hymus, Northern Arizona University, USA and R Valentini, Universita della Tuscia, Italy; * The Oceanic Sink for Carbon Dioxide, C L Sabine and R A Feely, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, USA; * The Soil Carbon Dioxide Sink, P Smith, University of Aberdeen, UK and P Ineson, University of York, UK; * Implications of Increasing the Soil Carbon Store: Calculating the Net Greenhouse Gas Balance of No-Till Farming, R L Lemke and H H Janzen, Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, Canada; * Geological Carbon Sinks, A Ridgewell, University of British Columbia, USA and U Edwards, BHP Billiton Petroleum, USA; * Artificial Carbon Sinks: Utilization of CO2 for the Synthesis of Chemicals and Technological Applications, M Aresta and A Dibenedetto, University of Bari, Italy; * The Prospects for Biological Carbon Sinks in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Systems, J Reilly, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, B Felzer, D Kickligher, and J Melillo, The Ecosystems Center, USA, H Tian Auburn University, USA and M Asadoorian, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; * Methane: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks, D S Reay, K A Smith and N Hewitt; * The Soil Methane Sink, P F Dunfield, Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences, New Zealand; * The Atmospheric Methane Sink, D E Shallcross, University of Bristol, UK, M A K Khalil and C Butenhoff, Portland State University, USA; * Artificial Methane Sinks, A De Visscher, P Boeckx and O Van Cleemput, University of Ghent, Belgium; * Nitrous Oxide: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks, D S Reay, N Hewitt and K A Smith; * The Stratospheric Sinks of Nitrous Oxide, C L Butenhoff and M A K Khalil; * Sinks for N2O at the Earth's surface, C Kroeze, Wageningen University. The Netherlands, L Bouwman, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Netherlands and C P Slomp, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; * Cross-cutting Issues and New Directions, D S Reay; * The impact of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on the exchange of carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane from European forests, W de Vries, Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands, K Butterbach B, Institute for Meteorology and Climte Research, Germany, H Denier van der Gon, TNO Environment and Geosciences, The Netherlands and O Oenema, Wageningen University and Research Centre, The Netherlands.