About this book
This resource introduces water engineers and hydrologists to the basic concepts of groundwater technologies designed to improve water resources availability and planning and goes on to cover risk, modelling, regulatory concepts and sample projects.
This book explores alternative programs for protecting water resources by using natural aquifer systems, and describes their limitations and design criteria, including regulations, groundwater modeling, risk assessment, and pertinent case studies. Two engineers and a hydrologist working in Florida present the groundwater equations that govern injection projects, outline geological characteristics to evaluate when considering injection programs as part of a utility system, and address some of the operational issues associated with injection programs. Several types of computer flow models and the threats posed by microorganisms are summarized.
Chapter 1: IntroductionChapter 2: Groundwater Injection SystemsChapter 3: Regulatory Environment, Climate and RequirementsChapter 4: Mathematics of Groundwater Flow and TransportChapter 5: Physical Considerations in Groundwater Injection ProgramsChapter 6: Operation of Groundwater Injection ProgramsChapter 7: Example Projects: Their Successes and What Was LearnedChapter 8: Selection of a Groundwater ModelChapter 9: The Need for Risk AssessmentChapter 10: Modeling Risk with Application to HollywoodChapter 11: Emerging IssuesChapter 12: ConclusionsAppendix A: State Contact ListAppendix B: Derivation of Groundwater Flow and Transport Equations and ModelsIndex
Frederick Bloetscher, Ph.D., is President of Public Utility Management and Planning Services, Inc. (PUMPS), and Applied Science and Research, Inc. PUMPS is a consulting firm dedicated to evaluation of utility systems, needs assessments, condition assessments, strategic planning, capital improvement planning, grant and loan acquisition, interlocal agreement recommendations, bond document preparation, consultant coordination, and permitting and implementation of capital improvement construction. Applied Science and Research, Inc., is dedicated to research issues associated with groundwater injection, risk, and water quality. Dr. Bloetscher is an adjunct faculty member at the University of Miami Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering in Coral Gables, Florida. He is the past Chair for the American Water Works Association Groundwater Committee, and its Aquifer Storage and Recovery subcommittee, and is a current Water Resource Division Trustee. He lives in Dania Beach, Florida. Albert Muniz is a Vice President with Hazen and Sawyer, P.C., and manager of their Boca Raton office. Hazen and Sawyer is one of the top environmental engineering firms in the Western Hemisphere, working in water resources, water treatment, wastewater treatment, and injection programs. Mr. Muniz has over 24 years' experience with injection well programs, including water supply and disposal injection programs. He is Vice Chair of the AWWA Groundwater Committee, and serves on its Aquifer Storage and Recovery Subcommittee. He lives in Coconut Creek, Florida. Gerhardt M. Witt is President and Principal Hydrogeologist for Gerhardt M. Witt and Associates, Inc. (GMW&A), a consulting firm dedicated to hydrogeologic enterprises. GMW&A designs and supervises the installation, repair, and rehabilitation of both freshwater and saltwater supply wells, injection wells for disposal of concentrate from membrane systems, groundwater remediation, wastewater, storm water, oilfield, and golf course applications. Mr. Witt has over 20 years experience with all types of water supply and injection well applications in the United States, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean. He lives in Boynton Beach, Florida.