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Water in its different forms has always been a source of wonder, curiosity and practical concern for humans everywhere. Hydrology - An Introduction presents a coherent introduction to the fundamental principles of hydrology, based on the course that Wilfried Brutsaert has taught at Cornell University for the last thirty years. Hydrologic phenomena are dealt with at spatial and temporal scales at which they occur in nature. The physics and mathematics necessary to describe these phenomena are introduced and developed, and readers will require a working knowledge of calculus and basic fluid mechanics. The book will be invaluable as a textbook for entry-level courses in hydrology directed at advanced seniors and graduate students in physical science and engineering. In addition, the book will be more broadly of interest to professional scientists and engineers in hydrology, environmental science, meteorology, agronomy, geology, climatology, oceanology, glaciology and other earth sciences.
Foreword; 1. Introduction; 2. Water aloft: fluid mechanics of the lower atmosphere; 3. Precipitation; 4. Evaporation; 5. Water on the land surface: fluid mechanics of free surface flow; 6. Overland flow; 7. Streamflow routing; 8. Water beneath the ground: fluid mechanics of flow in porous materials; 9. Infiltration and related unsaturated flows; 10. Groundwater outflow and base flow; 11. Streamflow generation: mechanisms and parameterization; 12. Streamflow response at the catchment scale; 13. Elements of frequency analysis in hydrology; 14. Afterword - a short historical sketch of theories about the water circulation on earth; Appendix.
Wilfried Brutsaert is William L. Lewis Professor of Engineering at Cornell University. In a long and prestigious career in the research and teaching of hydrology, Professor Brutsaert has received many awards and honors, including: the Hydrological Award and Robert E. Horton Award, American Geophysical Union; President, Hydrology Section, American Geophysical Union, from 1992 to 1994, Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and American Meteorological Society; the Ray K. Linsley Award, American Institute of Hydrology; Walter B. Langbein Lecturer, American Geophysical Union; International Award, Japan Society of Hydrology & Water Resources; Jule G. Charney Award, American Meteorological Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has published two previous books, Evaporation into the Atmosphere: Theory, History and Applications (D. Reidel Pub. Co., 1982), and Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces (with G. H. Jirka, D. Reidel Pub. Co., 1984). He has authored and co-authored more than 170 journal articles.
Pre-publication praise for Hydrology - An Introduction: 'Wilfried Brutsaert presents the topics of classical hydrology through rigorous formulations of their governing fluid mechanics starting from first principles. Drawing upon his broad personal experience and employing both clear prose and revealing illustrations, he discusses and supports the approximations needed to answer quantitative questions. His fine textbook will become the accepted starting point for learning this branch of geophysics.' Peter S. Eagleson, Professor Emeritus, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 'A remarkable new textbook a --A| insightful chapters that explain the basic principles on which the practice of hydrology as both a profession and a science is founded. a --A| The language is informal - that of the patient master passing on both knowledge and wisdom to a new generation. a --A| Those who learn from this book will be rewarded by gaining understanding and competence at the highest level; those who teach from it will be blessed by the steadfast assistance of an impeccable source, wrought from a long and productive experience by one of the great figures in scientific hydrology.a -- Garrison Sposito, Professor of Ecosystem Sciences and Environmental Engineering, University of California at Berkeley 'Brutsaert provides a uniquely logical and comprehensive construction of hydrologic science which taken together provides a new vision of the nature of the discipline a --A| In this book Brutsaert has provided a ladder for student and teacher to build a solid understanding from principles to practice a --A| This book provides a remarkable, sorely needed, foundational text upon which the science of hydrology will build in the coming decades.a -- John Selker, Professor of Bioengineering, Oregon State University 'Hydrology: An Introduction is destined to become a classic - and an indispensable resource for students of hydrology. Building from a foundation of fluid mechanics in the environment, Wilfried Brutsaert clearly and eloquently presents the essentials of modern hydrology. This book takes an original, lucid approach to this important subject matter, injecting a much-needed breath of fresh air into the study of fundamental hydrologic phenomena. This is necessary reading, both as a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to hydrology, and also as a brilliant exposition that captures the authora -- s excitement and appreciation of the subject.a -- Marc Parlange, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne and The Johns Hopkins University 'a --A| an excellent and comprehensive study of a major topic, and a fitting capstone to the author's long career in the field.' William R. Green, The Leading Edge 'This book provides a comprehensive introduction to science of hydrology covering water existing in the atmosphere, on land, and in the Earth a --A| The author shows his extensive knowledge in hydrology and provides an excellent book.' David C. Bartel, The Leading Edge 'This book presents a coherent introduction to some of the concepts and relationships used to describe the distribution and transport of water in the natural environment.' Environmental Geology 'a --A| the book is very good, and it is likely to provide new information and insights to even very experienced hydrologists. a --A| a valuable addition to the field of hydrology. I highly recommend it as an engineering classroom text and also as an addition to the libraries of practicing hydrologists.' Journal of the American Water Resources Association 'a --A| presents a coherent introduction to some of the concepts and relationships used to describe the distribution and transport of water in the natural environment.' International Journal of Geoscience 'Throughout, the main subject matter is represented in regular type and more advanced material in small type with a grey rule in the left hand margin. thus readers can readily avoid more advanced material if they wish a --A| This book is worth having for the final chapter alone but also provides an authoritative introduction to hydrology, both as a textbook for advanced students and an invaluable resource for professional engineers and Earth scientists.' Open University Geological Society Journal