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This volume is the result of a state-of-the-art symposium on biotechnology of anaerobic microbes, in honor of Professor Lars G. Ljungdahl on the occasion of his retirement and 80th birthday. The volume presents current work on the use of anaerobes for biomass conversion, cellulose degradation, and processes to produce alternative biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel.
Foreword: Michael W.W. Adams, Robert J. Maier, and Juergen Wiegel.Part I: Diversity and Physiology of Various Anaerobes:.1. Diversity of Thermophilic Anaerobes: Isaac D. Wagner and Juergen Wiegel.2. Life at Extreme Limits: The Anaerobic Halophilic Alkalithermophiles: Noha M. Mesbah and Juergen Wiegel.3. Physiology, Ecology, Phylogeny, and Genomics of Microorganisms Capable of Syntrophic Metabolism: Michael J. McInerney, Christopher G. Struchtemeyer , Jessica Sieber, Housna Mouttaki , Alfons J. M. Stams, Bernhard Schink, Lars Rohlin, Robert P. Gunsalus.4. Comparative Genomics of Clostridia: Link between the Ecological Niche and Cell Surface Properties: Holger Bruggemann and Gerhard Gottschalk.5. Anaerobic Metabolism of Aromatic Compounds: Georg Fuchs.Part II: Acetogens and Homoacetogenic Fermentation:.6. Old Acetogens, New Light: Harold L. Drake, Anita S. Gosner, and Steven L. Daniel.7. Enzymology of the Wood-Ljungdahl Pathway of Acetogenesis: Stephen W. Ragsdale.8. Discovery of a Ferredoxin:NAD+-Oxidoreductase in Acetobacterium woodii: A Novel Potential Coupling Site in Acetogens: Volker Muller, Frank Imkamp, Eva Biegel, Silke Schmidt, and Sabrina Dilling.Part III: Methanogens and Methanogenesis:.9. Methanogenesis in Marine Sediments: James G. Ferry and Daniel J. Lessner.10. Methane as Fuel for Anaerobic Microorganisms: Rudolf K. Thauer and Seigo Shima.11. Metabolic, Phylogenetic, and Ecological Diversity of the Methanogenic Archaea: Yuchen Liu and William B. Whitman.12. Promiscuous Anaerobes: New and Unconventional Metabolism in Methanogenic Archaea: Laura L. Grochowski and Robert H. White.Part IV: Metal Reductions and Metal Enzymes:.13. Tungsten, the Surprisingly Positively Acting Heavy Metal Element for Prokaryotes: Jan R. Andreesen and Kathrin Makdessi.14. Transformation of Inorganic and Organic Arsenic by Alkaliphilus oremlandii sp. nov. Strain OhILAs: Edward Fisher, Asia M. Dawson, Ganna Polshnya, Joy Lisak, Bryan Crable, Eranda Perera, Mrunalni Ranganathan, Mirunalni Thangavelu, Partha Basu, and John F. Stolz.15. Hydrogen and Nickel Metabolism in Helicobacter species: Stephane L. Benoit and Robert J. Maier.16. Hydrogenases of the Model Hyperthermophiles: Francis E. Jenney Jr. and Michael W.W. Adams.Part V. Cellulolytic Anaerobes and Their Cellulolytic Enzymes:.17. Cellulases of Mesophilic Microorganisms: Cellulosome and Non-cellulosome Producers: Roy H. Doi.18. Plant Cell Wall Breakdown by Anaerobic Microorganisms from the Mammalian Digestive Tract: Harry J. Flinta and Edward A. Bayer.19. Three Microbial Strategies for Plant Cell Wall Degradation: David B. Wilson.20. Bacterial Cellulose Hydrolysis in Anaerobic Environmental Subsystems-Clostridium thermocellum and Clostridium stercorarium, Thermophilic Plant Fiber Degraders: Vladimir V. Zverlov and Wolfgang H. Schwarz.21. The Cellulase/Hemicellulase System of the Anaerobic Fungus Orpinomyces PC-2 and Aspects of Its Applied Use: Lars G. Ljungdahl.Part VI: Applied Aspects and Fuel Production:.22. Polysaccharide Degradation and Synthesis by Extremely Thermophilic Anaerobes: Amy L. VanFossen, Derrick L. Lewis, Jason D. Nichols, and Robert M. Kelly.23. A Preliminary Analysis of Microbial and Biochemical Properties of High-Temperature Compost: Tairo Oshima and Toshiyuki Moriya.24. Microbiology to Help Solve Our Energy Needs: Methanogenesis from Oil and Impact of Nitrate on the Oil-field Sulfur Cycle: Alexander Grigoryan and Gerrit Voordouw.25. Fermentative Butanol Production: Bulk Chemical and Biofuel: Peter Durre.26. Anaerobic Respiration in Engineered Escherichia coli with an Internal Electron Acceptor to Produce Fuel Ethanol: Joy Doran Peterson and Lonnie O. Ingram
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