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Despite their vulnerability as sessile organisms to adverse biotic and abiotic conditions, flowering plants dominate over much of Earth's surface. The abilitity of plants to persist in hostile environments where they are facing an abundance of insect herbivores relies on evolved resistance systems allowing them to escape from herbivory in time or in space, to confront herbivores directly, or to fight them indirectly by association with other species. Until recently, plant resistance was believed to be constitutive, i.e. independent from herbivore attack. The discovery that plants respond actively to herbivore with the mobilization of specific defenses opened an exciting new field of research.
This book provides an overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with an emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack. Written by leading experts in their fields, the book first introduces general concepts of direct and indirect defenses, followed by a focussed review of the different resistance traits, the biochemical basis of structural and chemical defense and inducibility. Finally, signal perception and transduction mechanism for the activation of plant defense responses are discussed, including chemical signaling in the communication between plants, and plants and insects.
In Memoriam; Contents; Contributors; Introduction; Section I. Basic concepts of plant defense against insect herbivores:1. Direct defenses in plants and their induction by wounding and insect herbivores; Gregg A. Howe and Andreas Schaller .- 2. Herbivore-induced indirect defense: from induction mechanisms to community ecology; Maaike Bruinsma and Marcel Dicke.- 3. Induced defenses and the cost-benefit paradigm; Anke Steppuhn and Ian T. Baldwin .- Section II. Induced direct defenses:A: Anatomical defenses: 4. Leaf trichome formation and plant resistance to herbivory; Peter Dalin, Jon A...gren, Christer Bjorkman, Piritta Huttunen, and Katri Karkkainen .- 5. Resistance at the plant cuticle; Caroline Muller .- 6. Wound-periderm formation; Idit Ginzberg.- 7. Traumatic resin ducts and polyphenolic parenchyma cells in conifers; Paal Krokene, Nina Elisabeth Nagy, and Trygve Krekling.- B: Production of secondary metabolites: 8. Insect-induced terpenoid defenses in spruce; Jorg Bohlmann.- 9. Phenylpropanoid metabolism induced by wounding and insect herbivory; Mark A. Bernards and Lars Bastrup-Spohr.- 10. Defense by pyrrolizidine alkaloids: developed by plants and recruited by insects; Thomas Hartmann and Dietrich Ober.- C: Anti-nutritional enzymes and proteins: 11. Plant protease inhibitors: Functional evolution for defense; Maarten A. Jongsma and Jules Beekwilder.- 12. Defensive roles of polyphenol oxidase in plants; C. Peter Constabel and Raymond Barbehenn.- 13. Action of plant defensive enzymes in the insect midgut; Hui Chen, Eliana Gonzales-Vigil, and Gregg A. Howe.- 14. Plant lectins as part of the plant defense system against insects; Els J.M. Van Damme.- Section III. Defense signaling; A: Activation of plant defenses: 15. Systemins and AtPeps: Defense-related peptide signals; Javier Narvaez-Vasquez and Martha L. Orozco-Cardenas.- 16. MAP kinases in plant responses to herbivory; Johannes Stratmann.- 17. Jasmonate biosynthesis and signaling for induced plant defense against herbivory; Andreas Schaller and Annick Stintzi.- B: Signals between plants and insects: 18. Caterpillar secretions and induced plant responses; Gary W. Felton.- 19. Fatty acid-derived signals that induce or regulate plant defenses against herbivory: James H. Tumlinson and Juergen Engelberth.- 20. Aromatic volatiles and their involvement in plant defense; Anthony V. Qualley and Natalia Dudareva.- 21. Ecological roles of vegetative terpene volatiles; Jorg Degenhardt.- Subject Index.- Taxonomic Index.- Abbreviations
From the reviews: "'Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory' edited by Andreas Schaller contains three major sections comprising a total of 21 chapters. ! A broader and more complete overview of induced plant defences against herbivores would have made the book more interesting for a broader reader-ship. ! every chapter gives a detailed insight into a fascinating topic and is certainly worth to read for those who are working in the area and are in search for a rapid update on their own or a closely related research topic." (Martin Heil, Basic and Applied Ecology, Vol. 10, 2009)