This second volume of this series, Integrating Ecology into Global Poverty Reduction Efforts: Opportunities and Solutions, builds upon the first volume, Integrating Ecology into Global Poverty Reduction Efforts: The Ecological Dimensions to Poverty, by exploring the way in which ecological science and tools can be applied to address major development challenges associated with rural poverty.
In volume 2, Integrating Ecology and Poverty Reduction: The Application of Ecology in Development Solutions, we explore how ecological principles and practices can be integrated, conceptually and practically, into social, economic, and political norms and processes to positively influence poverty and the environment upon which humans depend. Specifically, these chapters explore how ecological science, approaches and considerations can be leveraged to enhance the positive impacts of education, gender relations, demographics, markets and governance on poverty reduction.
As the final chapter on 'The future and evolving role of ecological science' points out, sustainable development must be build upon an ecological foundation if it is to be realized. The chapters in Integrating Ecology and Poverty Reduction: The Application of Ecology in Development Solutions illustrate how traditional paradigms and forces guiding development can be steered along more sustainable trajectories by utilizing ecological science to inform project planning, policy development, market development and decision making.
Chapter 1. Introduction: Changing Societal Paradigms-Education and Gender as Critical Starting Points Authors: Fabrice DeClerck and Jane Carter Ingram
Chapter 2. Changing Societal Paradigms-Education and Gender as Critical Starting Points: Education, Ecology and Poverty Reduction Authors: Robin Sears and Angela M. Steward
Chapter 3. Changing Societal Paradigms-Education and Gender as Critical Starting Points: Why Gender Matters to Ecological Management and Poverty Author: Isabelle Guttierez
Chapter 4. Introduction to Population Growth, Ecology and Poverty Author: Alex de Sherbinin
Chapter 5. Population Growth, Ecology and Poverty Authors: Jason Bremner, Jason Davis, and David Carr
Chapter 6. Alliances, conflicts and mediations: the role of population mobility in the integration of ecology into poverty reduction Authors: Susana Adamo, Sara Curran
Chapter 7. Urbanization, poverty reduction and ecosystem integrity Authors: Peter Marcotullio, Hunter College, Sandra Baptista and Alex de Sherbinin
Chapter 8. Introduction to Innovative Financing for Conservation and Poverty Reduction Author: Jane Carter Ingram
Chapter 9. Innovative Financing: Payments for Ecosystem Services- an Introduction Author: Michael Jenkins
Chapter 10. Innovative Financing: The potential of carbon offsetting projects in the forestry sector for poverty reduction in developing countries Authors: Manuel Estrada, Esteve Corbera
Chapter 11. Innovative Financing: The Development of Payments for Ecosystem Services as a Community-based Conservation Strategy in East Africa Authors: Hassan Sachedina, Fred Nelson
Chapter 12. Innovative Financing: Poverty, Payments and Ecosystem Services in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania Author: Brendan Fisher
Chapter 13. Introduction to Ecosystem Based Management for Conservation and Poverty Reduction Author: Jane Carter Ingram
Chapter 14. Governing Ecosystems for Conservation and Poverty Reduction: Ecological Principles for Managing Sustainable Fisheries Author: Caleb McClennen
Chapter 15. Governing Ecosystems for Conservation and Poverty Reduction: Land Use Zoning as a Tool for Balancing Conservation and Poverty Reduction Author: Lisa Naughton
Chapter 16. Governing Ecosystems for Conservation and Poverty Reduction: The Role of Protected Areas for Poverty Reduction Author: Maggie Holland
Chapter 17. Looking Ahead: The Future and Evolving Role of Ecology in Society Author: Shahid Naeem
Chapter 18. Conclusions Authors: Jane Carter Ingram, Fabrice DeClerck, Cristina Rumbaitis del Rio
The three editors of this volume, Jane Carter Ingram, Fabrice DeClerck, and Cristina Rumbatis del Rio, have collaborated on multiple projects addressing the role of ecology in poverty reduction and began working together at the Earth Institute of Columbia University. Their educational and professional backgrounds in ecology, geography, and sustainable development have served as the inspiration for this book and their professional pursuits. The editors hope that the issues presented and explored in this volume will serve to encourage ecological scientists and practitioners in international development fields to collaborate together to identify creative, sustainable and viable solutions to challenges preventing poverty alleviation around the world.
Jane Carter Ingram is the lead of the Ecosystem Services and Payments for Ecosystem Services group at the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York, NY. Cristina Rumbaitis del Rio is an Associate Director at the Rockefeller Foundation in New York, NY (USA). Fabrice DeClerck is a professor of community and landscape ecology at CATIE in Costa Rica.