This book stems from the IUTAM symposium 'Rotating Stratified Turbulence and Turbulence in the Atmosphere and Oceans' which took place at the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge from 8 to 12 December 2008, and came at the end of a four-month Programme on 'High Reynolds Number Turbulence'.
The symposium, widely attended by researchers from around the world, aimed to better understand the complex nature of fluid flows found in Nature, particularly in the Earth's atmosphere and oceans, but also in other planetary atmospheres and in the Sun's interior. Talks covered a broad range of subjects, from theoretical studies of fundamental vortex interactions, to laboratory experiments and observations, and to state-of-the-art computational studies.
Collected in this volume are 23 peer-reviewed papers loosely divided into four main topics: Waves and Imbalance, Turbulence and Convection, Instability and Vortex Dynamics, and Jets: Formation and Structure.
Part I Waves and Imbalance: On spontaneous imbalance and ocean turbulence: generalizations of the Paparella--Young epsilon theorem, by Michael E. McIntyre; Inertia-gravity-wave generation: a geometric-optics approach, by J. M. Aspden and J. Vanneste; Parallels between stratification and rotation in hydrodynamics, and between both of them and external magnetic field in magnetohydrodynamics, with applications to nonlinear waves, by S. Medvedev and V. Zeitlin; Generation of an internal tide by surface tide/eddy resonant interactions, by M.-P. Lelong and E. Kunze; Generation of harmonics and sub-harmonics from an internal tide in a uniformly stratified fluid: numerical and laboratory experiments, by Ivane Pairaud, Chantal Staquet, Joel Sommeria and Mahdi M. Mahdizadeh; Deep ocean mixing by near-inertial waves, by Victor I. Shrira and William A. Townsend; Part II Turbulence and Convection: Eddies and Circulation: Lessons from Oceans and the GFD Lab, by Peter B. Rhines; Observations on Rapidly Rotating Turbulence, by P A Davidson, P J Staplehurst and S B Dalziel; Equilibration of Inertial Instability in Rotating Flow, by Daan D.J.A. van Sommeren, George F. Carnevale, Rudolf C. Kloosterziel and Paolo Orlandi; Quasigeostrophic and stratified turbulence in the atmosphere, by Peter Bartello; A Perspective on Submesoscale Geophysical Turbulence, by James C. McWilliams; Spectra and Distribution Functions of Stably Stratified Turbulence, by Jackson R. Herring & Yoshifumi Kimura; Modeling mixing in two-dimensional turbulence and stratified fluids, by Antoine Venaille and Joel Sommeria; The solar tachocline: a study in stably stratified MHD turbulence, by Steven Tobias; Some Unusual Properties of Turbulent Convection and Dynamos in Rotating Spherical Shells, by F. H. Busse and R. D. Simitev; Part III Instability and Vortex Dynamics: Zigzag instability of the Karman vortex street in stratified and rotating fluids , by Axel Deloncle, Paul Billant and Jean-Marc Chomaz; Instabilities of a columnar vortex in a stratified fluid, by Patrice Meunier, Nicolas Boulanger, Xavier Riedinger and Stephane LeDizes; Geostrophic vortex alignment in external shear or strain, by Xavier Perrot, Xavier Carton, and Alan GuillouEquilibrium States of Quasi-geostrophic Point Vortices, by T. Miyazaki, H. Kimura and S. Hoshi; Part IV Jets: Formation and Structure: The structure of zonal jets in shallow water turbulence on the sphere, by R. K. Scott; Jet formation in decaying two-dimensional turbulence on a rotating Sphere, by Shigeo Yoden, Yoshi-Yuki Hayashi, Keiichi Ishioka, Yuji Kitamura, Seiya Nishizawa, Sin-ichi Takehiro, and Michio Yamada; Triple cascade behaviour in QG and drift turbulence and generation of zonal jets, by Sergey Nazarenko, Brenda Quinn; The HyperCASL algorithm, by David G. Dritschel and Jerome Fontane.