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Academic & Professional Books  History & Other Humanities  History of Science & Nature

La Théorie des Centres d'Origine des Plantes Cultivées [The Theory of the Centres of the Origin of Cultivated Plants]

By: Nikolaï Ivanovitch Vavilov(Author), Michel Chauvet(Introduction By)
176 pages, b/w illustrations
La Théorie des Centres d'Origine des Plantes Cultivées [The Theory of the Centres of the Origin of Cultivated Plants]
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  • La Théorie des Centres d'Origine des Plantes Cultivées [The Theory of the Centres of the Origin of Cultivated Plants] ISBN: 9791093104089 Paperback Oct 2015 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
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About this book

Language: French

The Russian author Nikolaï Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943) is considered one of the greatest botanists and geneticists of his time. He was among the first scientists to have grasped the importance of the link between biodiversity and food security of human societies; collecting and studying the diversity of genetic resources of cultivated plants in the world is a challenge for the future and for a productive and sustainable agriculture. The vision of Vavilov, after Alphonse de Candolle and Darwin, was original at the time, and it was carried across the world, which led him to develop his theory of centers of origin of cultivated plants. He performed over 200 scientific missions across 65 countries and collected hundreds of thousands of cultivated varieties. He and his colleagues laid the foundation for the genetic study of cultivated plants.

Two texts of Vavilov explaining his theory – that will guide many researchers – are here for the first time translated from Russian and English into French.

The introduction of Michel Chauvet illuminates the relationship between science, agriculture and society. It shows the evolution of Vavilov's theory, and news and contemporary scientific debates that resulted.

Genetic resources are more than ever powerful stakes. The availability of a wide variety for all interested parties is a condition for every country, and every group of farmers to adapt their crop varieties to meet the many economic, environmental, climate and societal changes.

Summary in French:
Nikolaï Ivanovitch Vavilov (1887-1943) est considéré comme l'un des plus grands botanistes et généticiens de son époque. Il fut parmi les premiers scientifiques à avoir saisi l'importance du lien entre diversité biologique et sécurité alimentaire des sociétés ; collecter et étudier la diversité des ressources génétiques des plantes cultivées de par le monde constitue un enjeu pour l'avenir d'une agriculture productive et durable. La vision de Vavilov, à la suite d'Alphonse de Candolle et de Darwin, était à l'époque originale, car elle était menée à l'échelle du monde, ce qui l'a conduit à élaborer sa théorie des centres d'origine des plantes cultivées. Il a effectué plus de 200 missions à travers 65 pays et récolté des centaines de milliers de variétés cultivées. Lui et ses collaborateurs ont jeté les bases de l'étude génétique des plantes cultivées.

Deux textes de Vavilov explicitant sa théorie – qui servira de guide à de nombreux prospecteurs –, sont pour la première fois traduits du russe et de l'anglais en français.

L'introduction de Michel Chauvet éclaire les relations entre science, agriculture et société. Il montre l'évolution de la théorie de Vavilov, son actualité et les débats scientifiques contemporains qui en découlent.

Les ressources génétiques sont plus que jamais des enjeux de pouvoir. La mise à disposition de la diversité la plus large à tous les acteurs est une condition pour que chaque pays, chaque groupe d'agriculteurs puisse adapter ses variétés pour répondre aux nombreux changements économiques, écologiques, climatiques et sociétaux.

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By: Nikolaï Ivanovitch Vavilov(Author), Michel Chauvet(Introduction By)
176 pages, b/w illustrations
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