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About this book
About this book
Examines the concepts, conventions, and components that underlie the ecology of human-managed landscapes and incorporates ideas from agroecology, forestry, agronomy, agroforestry, landscape ecology, and environmental science.
Preface Chapter 1. Introduction Land-Use Patterns The Field of Landscape Agroecology Concepts of Land Use Perspectives on Agroecology Chapter 2. Underlying Agroecological Concepts Essential Resource Management Complementarity Primary and Secondary Species Desirable Plant Characteristics Biodiversity and Agrobiodiversity Desirable Agroecosystem Properties Land Use Intensity Interagroecosystem Effects Chapter 3. The Agrotechnologies Basic Concepts Nontemporal Patterns Temporal Patterns Desirable Characteristics Agrotechnological Classification Development Stages Chapter 4. Principal-Mode Agrotechnologies Absorption Zones Agroforests Aqua-Agriculture Aquaforestry Alley Cropping Entomo-Systems Forage (Feed) Systems Intercropping Isolated Tree Microcatchments Monoculture Parkland Root Support Systems Strip Cropping Shade Systems Support Terraces Chapter 5. Temporal and Auxiliary Agrotechnologies Sole Cropping (T) Rotations (T) Fallows (T) Overlapping Patterns (T) Taungyas (T) Biomass Banks (A) Cajetes (A) Catchments (A) Infiltration Barriers (A) Firebreaks (A) Living Fences (A) Riparian Defenses (A) Water Breaks (A) Water Channels (A) Windbreaks (A) Chapter 6. Water Management Principles Auxiliary Agrotechnologies Principal-Mode Properties Landscape Layouts Singular Situations (and Overcoming Obstacles) The Satoyama Landscape: A Case Study Chapter 7. Wind, Frost, and Fire Wind Effects Principal-Mode Susceptibility Wind-Countering Agrotechnologies Auxiliary Systems Windbreaks Shelterbelts Frost Countermeasures Drifting Snow and Sand Fire Chapter 8. Integrated Pest Management Basic Countermeasures Combined Strategies Landscape Features The Agrotechnologies Insect Countermeasures: A Medieval Case Study Chapter 9. Patterns (Spatial and Temporal) Agrotechnological Landscapes Types The Physical Landscape Spatial Interludes Counterpatterns Temporal Aspects Landscaping Formulation Scattering The Cultural Landscape Chapter 10. The Socioeconomic Landscape Quality of Life Landscape Evaluation Economic Classification Bioeconomic Modeling Landscape Optimization Expectations Economic Transformation: A Case Study Chapter 11. Biodiversity Economic Advantages Casual Biodiversity Enhanced (Directed) Biodiversity Mimicry Forest Gardens/Homegardens Nonuseful Biodiversity Basics Management Biodiversity Ranking Chapter 12. Other Topics Household Locational Patterns Transport (Access) Roads Gender Concerns Landscape Functions Wildlife Social Forestry (Gathering) Land Tenure Policy Change Landscape Aesthetics Chapter 13. Cultural Motifs Plot Dominant Terrain Dominant Agrotechnological Representation Academic Classifications Motif Landscape Derivation Chapter 14. Conclusion References Index