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The biodeterioration of monuments by lichens is an infrequently discussed topic in India in the field of lichenology. Lichens not only play a role as agents of biodeterioration but also as a valid indicator of environmental quality. Floristic and vegetational studies that have to be made on stone materials also allow us to ascertain whether pollution-tolerant species are more frequent than poleophobic ones. Lichens on Indian Monuments serves as an efficient information flow in support of lichen biodeterioration and biomonitoring studies with various methods discussed.
The present book is the outcome of an extensive collection as well as investigation of more than 1000 specimens of lichens found growing on various Indian monuments and buildings. Lichens on Indian Monuments includes systematic account of 112 species overgrowing some Indian monuments, along with their colour photograph and important characters. The techniques to measure the deterioration of monuments, factors affecting the deterioration, and remedies for biodeterioration are also included. Under biomonitoring, the modern methods of active as well as passive monitoring are included. A list of important lichen species which are most frequently used in passive and active monitoring are also listed.
Lichens on Indian Monuments: Biodeterioration and Biomonitoring will serve as a milestone in mankind's future progress in identifying ways of maintaining historical monuments and buildings, as well as improving our knowledge about the present status of the environment.
1. Methodologies applied
2. Lichen as biodeteriogens
3. Lichen as biomonitors