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Phytoplankton are microscopic plants that live in the ocean. Phytoplankton obtain energy through a process called photosynthesis and must therefore live in the well-lit surface layer of an ocean, sea, lake or other body of water. Through photosynthesis, phytoplankton are responsible for much of the oxygen present in the Earth's atmosphere - half of the total amount produced by all plant life. They are also the basis for the oceanic food chain.
Since phytoplankton depend upon certain conditions for growth, they are a good indicator of change in their environment. For these reasons, and because they also exert a global-scale influence on climate, phytoplankton are of primary interest to oceanographers and Earth scientists around the world. This book provides current research on this very important marine plant species. The increasing numbers of entrepreneurs who are exploring and investing in marine phytoplankton as sources of food additives, pharmaceutics, therapeutics and bioenergy are discussed as well.
Preface; Microphytobenthos; Near Bottom Phytoplankton and Seston: Importance in the Pelagic-Benthic Coupling Processes; Slow-Down of Oceanic CO2 Uptake in Response to Global Warming; Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids in Phytoplankton: Biochemistry, Physiology, and Optics; The Effect of Nutrient Limitation and Metal Toxicity for the Growth of Marine Diatom Phaeodactylum Tricornutum Bohlin: Microplate Bioassay; The Relationships between Marine Phytoplankton, Dimethylsulphide, and the Global Climate: The CLAW Hypothesis as a Lakatosian Progressive; Perspectives of Marine Phytoplankton as a Source of Nutrition and Bioenergy; Impact of Parasitic Fungi on the Diversity and Functional Ecology of Marine Phytoplankton; Bacterial vectors in Dinoflagellate Ciguatoxin Production; The Primary Production of the White Sea; High Orderliness of Phytoplankton Taxonomic Structure as Revealed by Several Approximation Models; Bio-mitigation and Biofuel production using microalgae ^; Coccolith Formation in the Haptophyta; The Eco-Genomics of Phytoplankton: An Outlook on the Future; Marine Phytoplanktons as a Food of Suspension Feeders; Delayed Fluorescence Spectroscopy as a Simple and Rapid Measurement Tool for Active Chlorophyll Concentrations, Phytoplankton Compositions & a Possible Tool for Monitoring Photosynthetic Traits of Phytoplankton; Recent Techniques in Marine Phytoplankton Monitoring; Index.