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Habitat destruction has left many landscapes increasingly fragmented. These isolated populations, or metapopulations, are in a constant state of change - growing, shrinking, disappearing, and reappearing. This volume brings together an international team of ecologists, geneticists, and evolutionary biologists who provide a comprehensive review of the subject.
Conceptual Foundation: Introduction. Empirical Evidence for Metapopulation Dynamics. Metapopulation Dynamics and Landscape Ecology. Theory of Metapopulation Dynamics. Metapopulation Dynamics: Form Concepts and Observations to Predictive Models. Structures Metapopulation Models. Two-Species Metapopulation Models. From Metapopulation Dynamics to Community Structure: Some Consequences of Spatial Heterogeneity. Genetic Effective Size of a Metapopulation. The Evolution of Metapopulations. Metapopulation Processes: Extinction Models for Local Populations. Studying Transfer Processes in Metapopulations: Immigration, Migration, And Colonization. Migration Within Metapopulations: The Impact Upon Local Population Dynamics. Evolution of Migration Rate and Other Traits: The Metapopulation Effect. Spatial Processes in Host-Parasite Genetics. Case Studies: Butterfly Metapopulations. Tritrophic Metapopulation Dynamics: A Case Study of Ragworth, The Cinnabar Moth, And the Parasitoid Cotesia Popularis. Spatially Correlated Dynamics in a Pika Metapopulation. A Case Study of Genetic Structure in a Plant Metapopulation. Subject Index.
Illka Hanski (1953-2016) obtained his first degree in zoology and botany in 1976 from the University of Helsinki, Finland, and his D.Phil. in zoology in 1979 from the University of Oxford. After that he became a postdoctoral researcher and faculty member at the University of Helsinki and was research professor in the Academy of Finland, where he directed the Metapopulation Research Group, one of the national Centers of Excellence in Research. In addition, he served on the scientific advisory board of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) and was on the steering group of the DIVERSITAS Programme on Biodiversity. He was foreign vice president of the Society for the Study of Evolution. He has served on the editorial boards of Trends in Ecology and Evolution, The American Naturalist, Journal of Insect Conservation, Global Change Biology, Annales Zooligici Fennici, Oecologia, Oikos, and Theoretical Population Biology. In 1999, he received the International Ecology Institute Prize in Terrestrial Ecology as well as the President's Gold Medal from the British Ecological Society. In 2000, Hanski was elected as a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 2001, he received the Sewall Wright Award from the American Society of Naturalists.
The primary value of this book lies in its self-conscious exploration of a paradigm under which ecological and evolutionary models have proliferated without substantial empirical tests. --ECOLOGY "...represents an important transformation in the way we think about dynamics of populations, their dispersal and persistence. ...there is something in here for everyone interested in the subject. A particular aspect of the book is the attempt to connect the disciplines of population biology and landscape ecology. This is long overdue and represents a significant step in the progression towards workable models. ...very stimulating and relevant to my interest in conservation genetics." --BRITISH ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY BULLETIN