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About this book
Introduces the scope and complexity of oceanography, communicating essential concepts, with exercises throughout.
Part I Applied skills for oceanography: introduction to measurement; bathymetric analysis; interpreting navigational charts; latitude and longitude. Part II Marine geology: the ocean floor - age, depth and spreading rate; rapid method of sand analysis; coastal morphology; biogenic sediments - composition and formation. Part III Chemical oceanography: measurement of water density; measurement of salinity; dissolved gases in aqueous systems; buffering capacity of seawater - an investigation. Part IV Physical oceanography: introduction to physical oceanography; applied currents and transport; waves; tides; specific heat - an investigation. Part V Biological oceanography: laboratory instruments and measurements - applications to primary productivity; investigating primary productivity - light, temperature and salinity; an introduction to organisms of the plankton, nekton and benthos; lifestyle and buoyancy adaptations; population study - computer modelling and applications. Appendices: dimensional analysis; scientific notation and significant digits; graphing techniques; dilutions; measurements using a microscope; navigational terminology; physical and chemical properties of seawater; statistics; how to write a scienitific paper.