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Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances

MonographOut of Print

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 181

By: Paul M Kintner, Jr.(Editor), Anthea J Coster(Editor), Timothy Fuller-Rowell(Editor), Antony J Mannucci(Editor), Michael Mendillo(Editor), Roderick Heelis(Editor)

336 pages, colour & b/w illustrations, colour & b/w maps

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2008 | #231523 | ISBN-13: 9780875904467
Out of Print Details

About this book

Filling the need for a 20-year lag in substantial consideration of the midlatitude ionosphere, Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances focuses on work that takes advantage of GPS and UV imaging from satellites over the past decade, two methods that have profoundly transformed our understanding of this stratum of the atmosphere. Its interdisciplinary content brings together researchers of the solar wind, magnetosphere, ionosphere, thermosphere, polar and equatorial ionospheres, and space weather. Modeling and assimilative imaging of the ionosphere and thermosphere show for the first time the complex and global impact of midlatitude ionospheric storms.

The editors invited the leading experts in the following areas to contribute the chapters herein:
- Characterization of Midlatitude Storms
- Electric Field Coupling From the Heliosphere and Inner Magnetosphere
- Thermospheric Control of the Midlatitude Ionosphere
- Ionospheric Irregularities
- Experimental Methods and New Techniques

These themes were chosen to create a path for understanding the midlatitude ionosphere. They continue to be largely valid and represent a coherent division of the subject matter. They will be critical for understanding space weather during the upcoming solar maximum. Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances was inspired by the Chapman Conference of the same name held January 2007.


      Paul M. Kintner Jr ix
Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances: Introduction
      Paul M. Kintner Jr., Anthea J. Coster, Tim Fuller-Rowell, Anthony J. Mannucci, Michael Mendillo, and Roderick Heelis 1

Section I: Characterization of Midlatitude Storms
Review and Overview
Ionospheric Storms at Mid-Latitude: A Short Review
      Gerd W. Prölss 9
The Mid-Latitude Trough—Revisited
      Alan Rodger 25
Assimilation of Observations With Models to Better Understand Severe Ionospheric Weather at Mid-Latitudes
      Jan J. Sojka, R. W. Schunk, D. C. Thompson, L. Scherliess, and M. David 35
Low- and Middle-Latitude Ionospheric Dynamics Associated With Magnetic Storms
      R. A. Heelis 51
A Data-Model Comparative Study of Ionospheric Positive Storm Phase in the Midlatitude F Region
      G. Lu, L. P. Goncharenko, A. J. Coster, A. D. Richmond, R. G. Roble, N. Aponte, and L. J. Paxton 63

Recent Results
High-Resolution Observations of Subauroral Polarization Stream-Related Field Structures During a Geomagnetic Storm Using Passive Radar
      Melissa G. Meyer 77
Ionization Dynamics During Storms of the Recent Solar Maximum
      C. N. Mitchell, P. Yin, P. S. J. Spencer, and D. Pokhotelov 83
Mapping the Time-Varying Distribution of High-Altitude Plasma During Storms
      G. S. Bust and Geoff Crowley 91

Section II: Electric Field Coupling From the Heliosphere and Inner Magnetosphere
Review and Overview
Interplanetary Causes of Middle Latitude Ionospheric Disturbances
      Bruce T. Tsurutani, Ezequiel Echer, Fernando L. Guarnieri, and Olga P. Verkhoglyadova 99
Ionospheric-Magnetospheric-Heliospheric Coupling: Storm-Time Thermal Plasma Redistribution
      John C. Foster 121

Recent Results
The Linkage Between the Ring Current and the Ionosphere System
      P. C. Brandt, Y. Zheng, T. S. Sotirelis, K. Oksavik, and F. J. Rich 135
Storm Phase Dependence of Penetration of Magnetospheric Electric Fields to Mid and Low Latitudes
      Takashi Kikuchi, Kumiko K. Hashimoto, and Kenro Nozaki 145
Relating the Interplanetary-Induced Electric Fields With the Low-Latitude Zonal Electric Fields Under Geomagnetically Disturbed Conditions
      Adela Anghel, David Anderson, Jorge Chau, Kiyohumi Yumoto, and Archana Bhattacharyya 157
Simulation of PPEF Effects in Dayside Low-Latitude Ionosphere for the October 30, 2003, Superstorm
      Olga P. Verkhoglyadova, Bruce T. Tsurutani, Anthony J. Mannucci, Akinori Saito, Tohru Araki, David Anderson, M. Abdu, and J. H. A. Sobral 169
Impact of the Neutral Wind Dynamo on the Development of the Region 2 Dynamo
      T. W. Garner, Geoff Crowley, and R. A. Wolf 179

Section III: Thermospheric Control of the Mid-Latitude Ionosphere
Review and Overview
Global Modeling of Storm-Time Thermospheric Dynamics and Electrodynamics
      T. J. Fuller-Rowell, A. D. Richmond, and N. Maruyama 187
Thermospheric Dynamics at Low and Mid-Latitudes During Magnetic Storm Activity
      J. W. Meriwether 201
Disturbed O/N2 Ratios and Their Transport to Middle and Low Latitudes
      Geoff Crowley and R. R. Meier 221
Storm Time Energy Budgets of the Global Thermosphere
      William J. Burke 235

Recent Results
Sources of F-Region Height Changes During Geomagnetic Storms at Mid Latitudes
      Mariangel Fedrizzi, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, Naomi Maruyama, Mihail Codrescu, and Hargobind Khalsa 247
Neutral Composition and Density Effects in the October-November 2003 Magnetic Storms
      T. J. Immel, Geoff Crowley, J. M. Forbes, R. S. Nerem, and E. K. Sutton 259
Optical and Radio Observations and AMIE/TIEGCM Modeling of Nighttime Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances at Midlatitudes During Geomagnetic Storms
      K. Shiokawa, T. Tsugawa, Y. Otsuka, T. Ogawa, G. Lu, A. Saito, and M. Yamamoto 271

Section IV: Ionospheric Gradients, Irregularities and User Needs
A Digest of Electrodynamic Coupling and Layer Instabilities in the Nighttime Midlatitude Ionosphere
      Roland T. Tsunoda 283
Irregularities Within Subauroral Polarization Stream-Related Troughs and GPS Radio Interference at Midlatitudes
      Evgeny Mishin and Natan Blaunstein 291
DEMETER Satellite Observations of Plasma Irregularities in the Topside Ionosphere at Low, Middle, and Sub-Auroral Latitudes and Their Dependence on Magnetic Storms
      Robert F. Pfaff Jr., Carmen Liebrecht, Jean-Jacques Berthelier, Michel Malingre, Michel Parrot, and Jean-Pierre Lebreton 297
Optical and Radio Observations of Structure in the Midlatitude Ionosphere: Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances
      Jonathan J. Makela 311

Section V: Experimental Methods and New Techniques
Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD): New Observing Capabilities for the Ionosphere-Thermosphere
      R. W. Eastes, W. E. McClintock, M. V. Codrescu, A. Aksnes, D. N. Anderson, L. Andersson, D. N. Baker, A. G. Burns, S. A. Budzien, R. E. Daniell, K. F. Dymond, F. G. Eparvier, J. E. Harvey, T. J. Immel, A. Krywonos, M. R. Lankton, J. D. Lumpe, G. W. Prölss, A. D. Richmond, D. W. Rusch, O. H. Siegmund, S. C. Solomon, D. J. Strickland, and T. N. Woods 319

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