621 pages, 4 col plates, 160 line illus, 40 tabs
Synthesizes the recent explosion of research in this area, involving organisms as diverse as epiphytic and terrestrial orchids, New World monkeys, North American daphnia, and Australian marsupials.
'... illuminating, refreshing and convincing ... The editors maintain that adaptive radiation is an effective bridge between ecology and evolution. Givnish and Sytsma have certainly put this into practice by producing a text which is made exciting not only through the advance in molecular technology, but also by the sheer complexity and elegance of biological diversity. It is rare to say that a text will reach a truly wide audience. In this case, it is assured, and should reach the shelves (funds permitting!) of specialists in molecular evolution and of specific taxa, as well as those who are just curious about the marvel of biological diversity.' Gary R. Carvalho, Heredity '... this book does an excellent job of reviewing many interesting evolutionary situations.' Deborah Charlesworth, Genetical Research '... very well edited and all of the chapters are readable and well presented ... should be of interest to biologists of any ilk.' Chuck Cook, BSDB Newsletter
Preface; List of Contributors; Part I. Introduction: 1. Adaptive radiation and molecular evolution: concepts and research issues Thomas J. Givnish; 2. Homoplasy in molecular vs. morphological data: the likelihood of correct phylogenetic inference Thomas J. Givnish, and Kenneth J. Sytsma; Part II. Integrative Studies: 3. Adaptive radiation of the Hawaiian silversword alliance: congruence and conflict of phylogenetic evidence from molecular and non-molecular investigations Bruce G. Baldwin; 4. The chronicle of marsupial evolution Mark S. Springer, John A. W. Kirsch, and Judd A. Chase; 5. Evolutionary origins of phenotypic diversity in Daphnia John K. Colbourne, Paul D. N. Hebert, and Derek J. Taylor; 6. Evolutionary trends in the ecology of New World monkeys inferred from a combined phylogenetic analysis of nuclear, mitochondrial, and morphological data Ines Horovitz, and Axel Meye; 7. Adaptive radiation in the aquatic plant family Pontederiaceae: insights from phylogenetic analysis Spencer C. H. Barrett, and Sean W. Graham; 8. Molecular evolution and adaptive radiation in Brocchinia (Bromeliaceae: Pitcairnioideae) atop tepuis of the Guayana Shield Thomas J. Givnish, Kenneth J. Sytsma, James F. Smith, William J. Hahn, David H. Benzing, and Elizabeth M. Burkhardt; Part III. Convergence: 9. You aren't always what you eat: evolution of nectar-feeding among Old World fruitbats (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae) John A. W. Kirsch, and Francois-Joseph Lapointe; 10. Chloroplast DNA restriction sites and floral versus non-floral characters in the obligate twig epiphytes in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae) Mark W. Chase, and Jeffrey D. Palmer; 11. Adaptation, cladogenesis, and the evolution of habitat association in North American tiger beetles: a phylogenetic perspective Alfried P. Vogler; Part IV. Rapid Radiations: 12. Molecular phylogenetic tests of sympatric speciation models in Lake Malawi cichlid fishes Peter N. Reinthal, and Axel Mey; 13. A rapid adaptive radiation due to a key innovation in Aquilegia Scott Hodges; 14. Origin and evolution of Argyranthemum (Asteraceae: Anthemideae) in Macaronesia Javier Francisco-Ortega, Daniel J. Crawford, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, and Robert K. Jansen; Part V. Reproductive Strategies: 15. Floral diversification, pollination biology, and molecular evolution in Platanthera (Orchidaceae) Jeffrey R. Hapeman, and Kenneth Inoue; 16. Phylogenetic perspectives on the evolution of dioecy: adaptive radiation in the endemic Hawaiian genera Schiedea and Alsinodendron (Caryophyllaceae: Alsinoideae) Ann K. Sakai, Stephen G. Weller, Warren L. Wagner, and Pamela S. Soltis; 17. Ecological and reproductive shifts in the diversification of the endemic Hawaiian Drosophila Michael P. Kambysellis, and Elysse M. Craddock; Part VI. Character Divergence and Community Assembly: 18. History of ecological selection in sticklebacks - uniting experimental and phylogenetic approaches Eric B. Taylor, James D. McPhail, and Dalph Schluter; 19. Phylogenetic studies of convergent adaptive radiations in Caribbean Anolis lizards Todd Jackman, Jonathan B. Losos, Allan Larson, and Kevin de Queiros; Part VII. Macroevolutionary Patterns: 20. Molecular and morphological evolution during the post-Palaeozoic diversification of echinoids Andrew B. Smith, and D. T. J. Littlewood; 21. How fast is speciation: molecular, geological and phylogenetic evidences from adaptive radiations of fish Amy R. McCune; Index.
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