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Successful release of new and better crop varieties increasingly requires genomics and molecular biology. This volume presents basic information on plant molecular marker techniques from marker location up to gene cloning. The text includes a description of technical approaches in genome analysis such as comparison of marker systems, positional cloning, and array techniques in 19 crop plants. A special section focuses on converting this knowledge into general and specific breeding strategies, particularly in relation to biotic stress. Theory and practice of marker assisted selection for QTL, gene pyramiding and the future of MAS are summarized and discussed for maize, wheat, and soybean. Furthermore, approaches in silviculture on the examples of Fagus, Populus, Eucalyptus, Picea and Abies are presented. The volume ends with a comprehensive review of the patents relevant for using molecular markers and marker assisted selection.
Identification and Application of Molecular Markers.- Genotyping Tools in Plant Breeding.- Molecular Markers in Rice.- Map Based Cloning.- DNA Markers in Brassica.- Genomics as Efficient Tools: Example Sunflower Breeding.- Mapping in Sugar Beet.- Improvement of Alfalfa.- Localization of Important Traits: The Example Pea.- Vigna Improvement.- Pepper.- Potato.- Barley.- Rice.- Wheat.- Comparative Genetic Mapping in Trees.- Improvement of Peach.- Breeding Strategies and Silviculture Based on Markers.- Marker-Assisted Selection.- Optimum Design of Marker-Assisted Backcross Programs.- Marker Assisted Selection in Maize.- Molecular Markers for Disease Resistance: Wheat.- Soybean Improvement.- Forest Management and Conservation Using Microsatellite Markers: The Example of Fagus.- Molecular Markers in Tree Improvement: Eucalyptus.- DNA Markers for Identification and Evaluation of Genetic Resources in Forest Trees: Abies, Picea and Populus.- Intellectual Property Rights in the Field of Molecular Marker Analysis.