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Presents the results of molecular phylogenetic analyses of 2000 specimens, including 350 species that cover more than 90% of the known genera, from 500 localities in 35 countries. These analyses, using mitochondrial DNA-based dating, suggest that carabid diversification took place about 40 to 50 million years ago as a result of explosive radiation of the major genera, coinciding with the collision of the Indian subcontinent and Burasian land mass.
Preface.- 1. Background of the Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of the Carabid Ground Beetles.- 2. Collection of the Specimens from the World.- 3. Molecular Phylogenetic Tree.- 4. Phylogeny and Distribution ofthe Subfamily Carabinae.- 5. Molecular Phylogeny of the Carabinae.- 6. Formation of the Japanese Carabina Fauna.- 7. Detailed Exposition of the Japanese Carabina Species.- 8. Pattern of Diversification: Evolutionary Discontinuity.- 9. Phylogeny and Taxonomy Reorganization of the Subfamily Carabinae Based on Molecular Phylogeny.- Reference.- Index.