Click to have a closer look
About this book
About this book
Since the publication of the first edition, important developments have emerged in modern mushroom biology and world mushroom production and products. The relationship of mushrooms with human welfare and the environment, medicinal properties of mushrooms, and the global marketing value of mushrooms and their products have all garnered great attention, identifying the need for an updated, authoritative reference.
Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact, Second Edition presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that contribute to the modernization of mushroom farming and the mushroom industry. It describes the individual steps of the complex mushroom cultivation process, along with comprehensive coverage of mushroom breeding, efficient cultivation practices, nutritional value, medicinal utility, and environmental impact. Maintaining the format, organization, and focus of the previous edition, this thoroughly revised edition includes the most recent research findings and many new references. It features new chapters on medicinal mushrooms and the effects of pests and diseases on mushroom cultivation. There are also updated chapters on specific edible mushrooms, and an expanded chapter on technology and mushrooms.
Rather than providing an encyclopedic review, this book emphasizes worldwide trends and developments in mushroom biology from an international perspective. It takes an interdisciplinary approach that will appeal to industrial and medical mycologists, mushroom growers, botanists, plant pathologists, and professionals and scientists in related fields. This book illustrates that mushroom cultivation has and will continue to have a positive global impact on long-term food nutrition, health care, environmental conservation and regeneration, and economic and social change.
OVERVIEWINTRODUCTIONWHAT ARE MUSHROOMS?DefinitionCharacteristics of MushroomsCategories of MushroomsPoisonous MushroomsMAGNITUDE OF MUSHROOM SPECIESECOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF MUSHROOMS AND FUNGI IN GENERALCOLLECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF MUSHROOMSField CollectionPreserving the CollectionPrecautions in the Use of KeysJUSTIFICATION FOR THE TERM "MUSHROOM BIOLOGY"IMPACT OF MUSHROOM BIOLOGY ON HUMAN WELFAREMUSHROOM SCIENCEDefinitionContributing FieldsMushroom Cultivation TechnologyDevelopment of Mushroom ScienceMushroom BiotechnologyNongreen RevolutionReferencesTHE NUTRITIONAL ATTRIBUTES OF EDIBLE MUSHROOMSINTRODUCTIONNUTRITIONAL ATTRIBUTESProteinEssential Amino AcidsFatVitaminsCarbohydrates and FiberMineralsNucleic AcidsGeneral ConsiderationsREFERENCESMEDICINAL VALUESINTRODUCTIONMEDICINAL MUSHROOMSMEDICINAL EFFECTS OF THESE MUSHROOMSHematologicalAntiviralAntitumorAntioxidant ActivityCardiovascular and RenalCarcinogenicity of MushroomsAllergic Reaction to SporesGeneral ConsiderationsREFERENCESOVERVIEW OF THE BIOLOGY OF THE FUNGIINTRODUCTIONTHE FUNGIDistinguishing CharacteristicsHabitatsRole in NatureClassificationVEGETATIVE STRUCTURE OF FUNGIHyphaeOrganellesSeptal StructuresSecondary Mycelium of BasidiomycetesCell WallsUnicellular FungiGROWTHGrowth Kinetics of Unicellular FungiFilamentous FungiSPECIALIZED VEGETATIVE STRUCTURESSPECIALIZED REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURESSexualNon-sexualREQUIREMENTS FOR GROWTHNutritional RequirementsPhysical RequirementsTransport and TranslocationMETABOLISMCarbonNitrogenLipidsREPRODUCTIONIntroductionSexualNon- sexualSpore GerminationRELATIONSHIP OF FUNGI WITH OTHER ORGANISMS - SYMBIOSESParasitismMutualismSaprophytismCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FUNGIProximate Composition of Fungal CellsEdible MushroomsREFERENCESSUBSTRATE AND MYCELIAL GROWTHINTRODUCTIONGENERAL NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR MUSHROOM GROWTHPREPARATION OF SUBSTRATECompostingMicroorganisms Involved During CompostingBREAKDOWN OF SUBSTRATES BY EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMES OF MUSHROOM MYCELIUMGENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF MUSHROOM CULTURE IN REGARD TO SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION BY INCREASED PRODUCTION OF EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMESREFERENCESSEXUALITY AND THE GENETICS OF BASIDIOMYCETESDISCOVERY OF SEXUALITY BY KNIEP AND BENSAUDETetrapolarityClamp Connection FormationOTHER EARLY FINDINGS IN SEXUALITY IN BASIDIOMYCETESResults of Tetrad Analysis"Geographical Races"BipolarityIllegitimate Matings"Buller Phenomenon" (=Di-Mon Mating)REACTIONS OTHER THAN THOSE FORMING DIKARYONGENETICS OF THE MATING TYPE LOCI AND SEXUAL MORPHOGENESIS IN SCHIZOPHYLLUM COMMUNESchizophyllum communeThe A Locus of S. communeThe Two-Locus Mating Type Factor Occurs ElsewhereFindings from Molecular Genetic StudiesSexual MorphogenesisGENETICS OF FUNGIInduction of MutantsIsolation of MutantsCha