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Academic & Professional Books  Ecology  Biogeography & Invasive Species

Neotropical Diversification Patterns and Processes

New
By: Valentí A Rull(Editor), Ana Carolina Carnaval(Editor)
230 pages, 150 b/w illustrations
Publisher: Springer Nature
Neotropical Diversification
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  • Neotropical Diversification ISBN: 9783030311667 Hardback Mar 2020 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
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About this book

Neotropical Diversification provides a comprehensive overview of the patterns of biodiversity in various neotropical ecosystems, as well as a discussion on their historical biogeographies and underlying diversification processes. All chapters were written by prominent researchers in the fields of tropical biology, molecular ecology, climatology, paleoecology, and geography, producing an outstanding collection of essays, synthetic analyses, and novel investigations that describe and improve our understanding of the biodiversity of this unique region. With chapters on the Amazon and Caribbean forests, the Atlantic rainforests, the Andes, the Cerrado savannahs, the Caatinga drylands, the Chaco, and Mesoamerica – along with broad taxonomic coverage – Neotropical Diversification summarizes a wide range of hypotheses, views, and methods concerning the processes and mechanisms of neotropical diversification. The range of perspectives presented makes Neotropical Diversification a truly comprehensive, state-of-the-art publication on the topic, which will fascinate both scientists and general readers alike.

Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction

Part 1. Neotropical diversity and diversification
Chapter 2. Neotropical diversification: historical overview and conceptual insights
Chapter 3. Beyond refugia: New insights on Quaternary climate variation and the evolution of biotic diversity in tropical South America
Chapter 4. Tropical and subtropical in South America: a study of community turnover across environmental gradients
Chapter 5. Evolutionary macroecology and the geographical patterns of Neotropical diversification
Chapter 6. Evolutionary imprints on species distribution patterns across the Neotropics
Chapter 7. Avian diversity in humid tropical and subtropical south American forests, with a discussion about their related climatic and geological underpinnings
Chapter 8. Contrasting patterns of temporal diversification in Neotropical butterflies: An overview
Chapter 9. Diatom diversity and biogeography across tropical South America

Part 2. Regional biodiversity patterns and diversification processes
Chapter 10. The origin and evolution of Amazonian species diversity
Chapter 11. Patterns and processes of diversification in Amazonian white sand ecosystems: insights from birds and plants
Chapter 12. Human contribution to Amazonian plant diversity: legacy of pre-Columbian land use in modern plant communities
Chapter 13. On the young savannas in the land of ancient forests
Chapter 14. The diversification of extant Angiosperms in the South America dry diagonal
Chapter 15. Diversity, endemism, and evolutionary history of montane biotas outside the Andean region
Chapter 16. Patterns of species and lineage diversity in the Atlantic rainforest of Brazil
Chapter 17. Diversification in ancient and nutrient-poor Neotropical ecosystems: how geological and climatic buffering have shaped plant diversity in some of the world's neglected hotspots
Chapter 18. Bioregions of Eastern Brazil, based on vascular plant occurrence data
Chapter 19. Forests diversity in the Mexican neotropics: A paleocological view
Chapter 20. Historical biogeography of Caribbean plants revises regional paleogeography

Part 3. Taxon-based local and regional studies
Chapter 21. Amphibians and reptiles of Venezuelan Guayana: diversity, biogeography and conservation
Chapter 22. Origin of elevational replacements in a clade of nearly flightless birds - most diversity in tropical mountains accumulates via secondary contact following allopatric speciation
Chapter 23. Clade-specific biogeographic history and climatic niche shifts of the southern Andean-southern Brazilian disjunction in plants
Chapter 24. Biotic and landscape evolution in an Amazonian contact zone: insights from the herpetofauna of the Tapajos River basin
Chapter 25. Diversification processes in lizards and snakes from the middle Sao Francisco River dune region
Chapter 26. Unexpected beta-diversity radiations in highland clades of Andean Terraranae frogs
Chapter 27. Disparate patterns of diversification within Liolaemini lizards
Chapter 28. Diversification history of Neotropical Lecythidaceae, an ecologically dominant tree family of Amazon rain forest

Part 4. IV. Epilogue
Chapter 29. Conservation in the Neotropics - a final reflection

Customer Reviews

Biography

Valentí Rull is a biologist with a Ph.D. in Paleoecology. Over the past 35 years, he has used past ecological evidence – mainly from palynology – to address topics such as i) the type and characteristics of biotic responses to environmental changes; ii) the role of human and climatic drivers as causes of ecological change; iii) the effects of tectonics, paleogeography and climate change on the origin of biodiversity; iv) hypotheses testing for long-term ecological processes; v) predictions on biotic responses to potential future climatic scenarios; and v) the development of better-informed strategies for biodiversity conservation. He has conducted his research in several temperate, tropical and subtropical regions, e.g. the northern tropical Andes, the Orinoco lowlands and delta, the Guayana region, the Maracaibo basin, Easter Island, the Azores and the Pyrenees.

Ana Carnaval was born and raised in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where she obtained her undergraduate degree in Biology from the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and her Master's degree in Zoology from the Museu Nacional. She holds a Ph.D. in Evolutionary Biology from the University of Chicago, and completed her postdoctoral training at the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California Berkeley. Currently an Associate Professor of Molecular Ecology at the City College of New York, her research group studies spatial patterns of biodiversity and underlying evolutionary and ecological processes, with the explicit aim of improving biodiversity prediction and conservation in tropical regions. Her projects focus on tropical biogeography, integrative uses of comparative phylogeography, GIS-based distribution models, current environmental data and paleoclimatic simulations, and animal physiology, particularly in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest, and, to a lesser extent, the Amazonian forest and the Cerrado.

New
By: Valentí A Rull(Editor), Ana Carolina Carnaval(Editor)
230 pages, 150 b/w illustrations
Publisher: Springer Nature
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