560 pages, 36 illustrations
It can be said that all of human history is environmental history, for all human action happens in an environment-in a place. This collection of essays explores the environmental history of the Pacific Northwest of North America, addressing questions of how humans have adapted to the northwestern landscape and modified it over time, and how the changing landscape in turn affected human society, economy, laws, and values.
Northwest Lands and Peoples includes essays by historians, anthropologists, ecologists, a botanist, geographers, biologists, law professors, and a journalist. It addresses a wide variety of topics indicative of current scholarship in the rapidly growing field of environmental history.
"A wide ranging and provocative collection of essays [...] should work well in college courses of various disciplines [...] valuable to land managers, agency scientists, urban planners, and others involved with environmental issues in the region."
– Mark Harvey, author of A Symbol of Wilderness: Echo Park and the American Conservation Movement
"An ambitious and effective collection of important articles on various aspects of the environmental history of the Pacific Northwest [...] The collection will supplement courses in Northwest history, geography, natural resource management, and environmental studies, as well as American studies, environmental sociology, environmental policy, and environmental law."
– Stephen Haycox, University of Alaska Anchorage
Preface - Paul Hirt and Dale Goble
1) Setting the Pacific Northwest Stage: The Influence of the Natural Environment - Eric Ewert
PART I: THIS PLACE
2) Place: An Argument for Bioregional History - Dan Flores
3) A Natural History of the Puget Sound Basin - Arthur Kruckeberg
4) From Where We Are Standing: The Sense of Place and Environmental History - William Lang
5) Willamette Eden: The Ambitious Legacy - William Robbins
6) Footprints and Pathways: The Urban Imprint on the Pacific Northwest - Carl Abbott
PART II: FIRST PEOPLES
7) Salmon, Sedentism, and Cultivation: Toward an Environmental Prehistory of the Northwest Coast - Douglas Deur
8) Mobility as a Factor Limiting Resource Use on the Columbia Plateau - Eugene Hunn
9) Unusual Gardens: The Nez Perce and Wild Horticulture on the Eastern Columbia Plateau - Alan Marshall
10) Megafauna of the Columbia Basin, 1800-1840: Lewis and Clark in a Game Sink - Paul Martin and Christine Szuter
11) Land Divided: Yakima Tribal Land Use in the Federal Allotment Era - Barbara Wester
PART III: RIVERS
12) Salmon in the Columbia Basin: From Abundance to Extinction - Dale Goble
13) The Northwest's Hydroelectric Heritage - Michael Blumm
14) Fish First! The Changing Ethics of Ecosystem Management - Carolyn Merchant
PART IV: AGRICULTURE
15) Ecological Influences of the Introduction of Livestock on Pacific Northwest Ecosystems - Kathleen Dwire, Bruce McIntosh, and Boone Kauffman
16) Environmental Change in the Northern Rockies: Settlement and Livestock Grazing in Southwestern Montana - William Wyckoff and Katherine Hansen
17) Creating a Hybrid Landscape: Irrigated Agriculture in Idaho - Mark Fiege
18) Cultural Perceptions of the Irrigated Landscape in the Pacific Northwest - Dorothy Zeisler-Vralsted
PART V: FORESTS
19) Human and Ecological Change in the Inland Northwest Forests - Nancy Langston
20) Getting Out the Cut: A History of National Forest Management in the Northern Rockies - Paul Hirt
21) Changing Forests, Changing Needs: Using the Pacific Northwest's Westside Forests, Past and Present - Thomas Cox
PART VI: MINING
22) Mining, Environment, and Historical Change in the Island Northwest - Katherine Morrissey
23) Western Smelters and the Problem of Smelter Smoke - Katherine Aiken
Epilogue: Environmental History and Human Perception - William Dietrich
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