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Ocean Circulation: Mechanisms and Impacts

Series: Geophysical Monograph Series Volume: 173

Edited By: Andreas Schmittner, John Chiang and Sidney Hemmings

392 pages, illustrations

American Geophysical Union

Hardback | Jan 2007 | #192854 | ISBN-13: 9780875904382
Availability: Usually dispatched within 4 days Details
NHBS Price: £106.00 $139/€119 approx

About this book

The ocean's meridional overturning circulation (MOC) is a key factor in climate change. The Atlantic MOC, in particular, is believed to play an active role in the regional and global climate variability. It is associated with the recent debate on rapid climate change, the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO), global warming, and Atlantic hurricanes.

This is the first book to deal with all aspects of the ocean's large-scale meridional overturning circulation, and is a coherent presentation, from a mechanistic point of view, of our current understanding of paleo, present-day, and future variability and change. It presents the current state of the science by bringing together the world's leading experts in physical, chemical, and biological oceanography, marine geology, geochemistry, paleoceanography, and climate modeling. A mix of overview and research papers make this volume suitable not only for experts in the field, but also for students and anyone interested in climate change and the oceans.



Section 1. Introduction
- Introduction: The Ocean's Meridional Overturning Circulation
- Discovery and Quantification of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: The Importance of 25#N

Section 2. Theory and Perspectives
- A Simple Theory of the Pycnocline and Overturning Revisited
- Buoyancy-Driven Flow and Nature of Vertical Mixing in a Zonally Averaged Model
- The Past and Future Ocean Circulation From a Contemporary Perspective

Section 3. Current State and Trend
- Present-Day Manifestation of the Nordic Seas Overflows
- Circulation and Deep Water Export of the Subpolar North Atlantic During the 1990's
- Strength and Variability of the Deep Limb of the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation From Chlorofluorocarbon Inventories

Section 4. Decadal to Centennial Variability
- Decadal to Centennial Variability of the Atlantic From Observations and Models
- Decadal to Multidecadal Variability of the Atlantic MOC: Mechanisms and Predictability

Section 5. Past States and Millennial Variability
- Is the Frequency of Abrupt Climate Change Modulated by the Orbital Insolation?
- 14C Reservoir Ages Show Deglacial Changes in Ocean Currents and Carbon Cycle
- Phasing of Millennial Climate Events and Northeast Atlantic Deep-Water Temperature Change Since 50 ka BP
- Mechanisms for an #7-kyr Climate and Sea-Level Oscillation During Marine Isotope Stage 3
- North Atlantic Intermediate Depth Variability During the Younger Dryas: Evidence From Benthic Foraminiferal Mg/Ca and the GFDL R30 Coupled Climate Model

Section 6. Impact on Climate, Ecosystems, and Biogeochemical Cycles
- Musings About the Connection Between Thermohaline Circulation and Climate
- Millennial-Scale Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Low-Latitude Precipation: Speleothem Evidence and Possible High-Latitude Forcing
- Adjustment of the Global Climate to an Abrupt Slowdown of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation
- Impact of the Ocean's Overturning Circulation on Atmospheric CO2
- Antarctic Stratification, Atmospheric Water Vapor, and Heinrich Events: A Hypothesis for Late Pleistocene Deglaciations

Section 7. Future Projections
- Response of the Meridional Overturning Circulation During Differing Pathways Toward Greenhouse Gas Stabilization
- Projected Strengthening of the Southern Ocean Winds: Some Implications for the Deep Ocean Circulation
- Effect of the Greenland Ice-Sheet Melting on the Response and Stability of the AMOC in the Next Centuries

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