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About this book
About this book
The Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements seeks to identify key design elements of a scientifically sound, economically rational and politically pragmatic post-2012 international policy architecture for global climate change. It draws upon leading thinkers from academia, private industry, government and non-governmental organizations from around the world to construct a small set of promising policy frameworks and then disseminate and discuss the design elements and frameworks with decision-makers.
International Advisory Board, Harvard Environmental Economics Program; Faculty Steering Committee, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements; Management, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements; List of contributors; Foreword; Introduction and overview; Lessons for the International Policy Community; References; Appendix 1. Summaries of research initiatives, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements; Part I. Alternative International Policy Architectures: 1. An elaborated proposal for global climate policy architecture: specific formulas and emission targets for all countries in all decades; 2. The EU emission trading scheme: a prototype global system?; 3. Linkage of tradable permit systems in international climate policy architecture; 4. The case for charges on greenhouse gas emissions; 5. Towards a global compact for managing climate change; 6. Sectoral approaches to a post-Kyoto international climate policy framework; 7. A portfolio system of climate treaties; Part II. Negotiation, Assessment, and Compliance: 8. How to negotiate and update climate agreements; 9. Metrics for evaluating policy commitments in a fragmented world: the challenges of equity and integrity; 10. Justice and climate change; 11. Toward a post-Kyoto climate change architecture: a political analysis; Part III. The Role and Means of Technology Transfer: 12. International climate technology strategies; 13. Mitigation through resource transfers to developing countries: expanding greenhouse gas offsets; 14. Possible development of a technology clean development mechanism in a post 2012 regime; Part IV. Global Climate Policy and International Trade: 15. Global environment and trade policy; 16. A proposal for the design of the successor to the Kyoto protocol; Part V. Economic Development, Adaptation, and Deforestation: 17. Reconciling human development and climate protection: a multi-stage hybrid climate policy architecture; 18. What do we expect from an international climate agreement? A perspective from a low-income country; 19. Climate accession deals: new strategies for taming growth of greenhouse gases in developing countries; 20. Policies for developing country engagement; 21. International forest carbon sequestration in a post-Kyoto agreement; Part VI. Modeling Impacts of Alternative Allocations of Responsibility: 22. Modeling economic impacts of alternative international climate policy architectures: a quantitative and comparative assessment of architectures for agreement; 23. Sharing the burden of GHG reductions; 24. When technology and climate policy meet: energy technology in an international policy context; 25. Revised emissions projections for China: why post-Kyoto climate policy must look east; 26. Expecting the unexpected: macroeconomic volatility and climate policy; Part VII. Epilogue: 27. Epilogue: implementing architectures for agreement; Appendix 2. Selected list of individuals consulted, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements; Appendix 3. Workshops and conferences, Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements; Appendix 4. Glossary and abbreviations.
Joseph E. Aldy is Fellow at Resources for the Future in Washington, DC. He also served on the staff of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, where he was responsible for climate change policy from 1997 to 2000. Robert N. Stavins is Albert Pratt Professor of Business and Government at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He is also Director of the Harvard Environmental Economics Program and Chairman of the Kennedy School's Environment and Natural Resources Faculty Group.
182 pages, no illustrations
'With this book, the Harvard Project on International Climate Agreements provides an excellent analysis of the potential instruments and policies available for a new climate regime. The UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in December 2009 is a decisive moment for our ability to address a global challenge together. As the host of the Conference, Denmark plays a critical role in facilitating a global agreement. This book is a valuable tool for the negotiations.' Lars Lokke Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark and President of the 15th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 'Addressing climate change is the defining challenge of our age. If we are to rise to this challenge, an ambitious and comprehensive global agreement must be reached urgently. This book provides an informative and timely analysis of the design options for such a global agreement and its subsequent implementation and will be an essential reference book to inform policy makers in their efforts to develop an architecture which is based on science, economically rational, and politically feasible.' Stavros Dimas, Commissioner for Environment, European Commission 'A global agreement on climate change is of profound importance for the future of the planet. It must be effective, efficient and equitable. The details of the translation of these principles into practice matter greatly. The work of Aldy and Stavins is of very high quality and a major contribution. It should be read by all those with an interest in or involved with, the Copenhagen Summit of 2009 and beyond.' Lord Nicholas Stern, I. G. Patel Professor of Economics and Government, London School of Economics and Political Science 'The world desperately needs a global climate change agreement, and this impressive collection of scholarly work highlights the essential challenges facing global leaders, and outlines possible paths to reach such an agreement.' Eileen Claussen, President, Pew Center on Global Climate Change 'This publication will provide indispensable advice for those responsible for the climate change negotiations at Copenhagen and what follows. The contributors and editors are the world's foremost experts, with both academic and practical experience in science, economics, law, and diplomacy - and making government structures work. The climate talks involve arguably the most important but also the most complex international negotiations ever conducted. It is therefore essential that the parties have access to the wisdom provided in this volume.' C. Boyden Gray, Former United States Ambassador to the European Union 'Global climate regime building requires intellectual inputs. This timely volume of highly essential and constructive elements provides a wide readership with an in-depth understanding of equity, sustainability, and efficiency approaches to a successful conclusion of an international climate agreement at the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen, December 2009.' Pan Jiahua, Director, Research Centre for Sustainable Development, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences