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About this book
About this book
Recent changes in water systems are the result of practices that have been carried out without due care being taken to provide suitable management of natural resources. A concerted effort is therefore required in order to raise public awareness and strengthen the collective bodies responsible for managing hydrographic basins. There is also a need for increased investment in the development and transfer of knowledge and technology dedicated towards improved use and conservation of environmental resources. This volume addresses recent advances in the overall management of riverine systems, including advances in hydraulics and hydrology, water quality modelling, sediment transport, flood forecasting, environmental protection and information systems. A selection of the papers presented at the Third International Conference on River Basin Management are included, divided into the following topic areas: Hydraulics and hydrology; River and watershed management; Water resources management; Water quality modelling; Flood risk; Ecological perspective; MIS, GIS and remote sensing; Sediment transport; Case studies.
Section 1: Hydraulics and hydrology Experimental study on local scour around bridge piers in rivers; Physical models application of flow analysis in regulated reservoir dams; Preliminary estimation of the infrastructure change influence on flooding in 2001 in the lower Mekong river delta; Effect of channel slope on flow characteristics of undular hydraulic jumps; Modelling of breach channel evolution; Computational modelling of river flows influenced by tide effects; A new method in determining bulk hydraulic conductivity of mangrove forest sediment Section 2: River and watershed management Management of unlawfully moored boats on rivers; Preconditions of and perspectives for integrating wetland conservation and sustainable use into river basin management in Estonia; Developing and implementing locally led watershed restoration and protection strategies; An example of watershed management in Croatia; Library ILM-River for simulation and optimal control of rivers and hydropower plants; Performance of different solutions for local water retention; Quantification of environmental flows in integrated water resources management; Study on optimal operating rule curves including hydropower purpose in parallel multireservoir systems; WISKI - a time series data information system to support river basin management; A paired-catchment experiment in the Tatsunokuchi-yama Experimental Forest, Japan: the influence of forest disturbance on water discharge; Harmonising quality assurance in model based catchment and river basin management; Localization of Buffer Strips by using IFF field data and Landsat-TM satellite data; Variations in trace elements and suspended solids in a stream under different hydrological conditions: example of a rural catchment; A comparative study of the effects of input resolution on the SWAT model Section 3: Water resources management A study on relationships between forcing factors and morphological parameters of outlet areas of some rivers flowing into the Estonian coastal sea; Valuation of the non-market benefits of groundwater protection; Solving reservoir management problems with serially correlated inflows; Implications of rainwater harvesting in a river basin management: evidence from the Modder River basin, South Africa; Projection of water demand for river basins: case study in the Bloem Water service area, South Africa; Development of the "Capital Water Resources Allocation Decision Supporting System" for the city of Beijing; Environmental forecasting, assessment, and decision making for river basin management; Welfare economic assessments of nitrogen losses from agriculture to river basins and other water bodies; Catchment hydrology management using GIS: case study of the Modder River Basin, South Africa; Risk assessment approaches for ecosystem responses to a point source of pollution on receiving waters Section 4: Water quality modelling Strategic targeting of watershed management using water quality modelling; Linking water quality and simulation models; System approach to the water quality and bioproductivity of the Azov Sea basin; A dynamic phosphorus transport model CATCHLOAD: the case study of Lake Burtnieks, Latvia; Nutrient dynamics in Cork Harbour; Trend analysis for irrigation water quality in Egypt; The quality of the Po River in connection to a denitrification improvement in the city of Turin treatment plant; Water quality evaluation of the Tecate River, Mexico for reuse purposes; A computational model for the prediction of the effect of multiple effluent discharges in a large river section Section 5: Flood risk The role of one- and two-dimensional mathematical models for flood risk simulation; A distributed technique for flood damage assessment using GIS and a 2D hydraulic model; Watercourse maintenance: a look at the plants and hydrology of a case study on the Tiber River; Flood model of city of beer: Plzen City - Czech Republic; Enhancement of flood safety, rural and regional development in the Hungarian part of the Tisza Valley (the new Vasarhelyi plan); Application of the index-flood method to the regionalization of flood peak discharges on the Portugal mainland Section 6: Ecological perspective Historical analysis of habitat turnover and age distributions as a reference for restoration of Austrian Danube floodplains; Foraging behavior among fishermen from the Negro and Piracicaba Rivers, Brazil: implications for management Section 7: MIS, GIS and remote sensing A GIS-based approach to river network floodplain delineation; Study of fluvial processes using Geographic Information Systems; Mapping land use in a large agricultural basin: a comparison between classification techniques Section 8: Sediment transport Modelling transport of cohesive and non-cohesive sediments in the Mersey Estuary; Sediment transport analysis using the MORIMOR model for the assessment of downstream river effects due to flushing in reservoirs; Physically based model of soil erosion and pollutant dynamics at a basin scale; Yellow River sediment response to human disturbance in the last century Section 9: Case studies Socio-economic and land-use changes in the Pedja River catchment area, Estonia; Assessing spatial variation of contaminants using Arc GIS: the case of Abou Ali River in North Lebanon; The role of humans in the initiation of floods. Case study: flood, August 1998 - Masouleh, Guilan-Iran; A survey on the variation of lead in the Zayandehrood River in Esfahan, Iran; The flushing of the sediments near the power intakes in the Dez Reservoir; Evaporation losses as a major factor in determining allowable yield from water supply reservoirs: the case of Botswana's major reservoirs; Effect of soil physico-chemical characteristics on the water cycle of a small watershed in Central Luzon, the Philippines