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About this book
About this book
Discusses recent advances in the theory of temporal and spatial scales in the ecosciences and identifies critical issues that must be considered if experimental results are to be applied to actual ecosystems. Addresses questions such as: How does a scientist draw boundaries when studying an individual species or area? Once these boundaries are drawn, how should one treat factors that are external to the study? Will the failure to consider external factors affect the extrapolation of information across temporal and spatial scales?
I. BackgroundScale Dependence and the Problem of Extrapolation: Implications for Experimental & Natural Coastal Ecosystems, by W. Michael Kemp, John E. Petersen, Robert H. GardnerII. Scaling TheoryUnderstanding the Problem of Scale in Experimental Ecology, by John A. WiensSpatial Allometry: Theory & Application to Experimental and Natural Aquatic Ecosystems, by David C. SchneiderIII. Scaling Mesocosms to NatureGetting it Right and Wrong: Extrapolations Across Experimental Scales, by Michael L. PaceSome Reluctant Ruminations on Scales (and Claws and Teeth) in Marine Mesocosms, by Scott NixonEvaluating and Modeling Foraging Performance of Planktivorous & Picivorous Fish: Effects of Containment and Issues of Scale, by Michael R. Heath & Edward D. HoudeExperimental Validity & Ecological Scale as Criteria for Evaluating Research Programs, by Shahid NaeemIV. Scale & Experiment in Different EcosystemsScaling Issues in Experimental Ecology: Fresh Water Systems, by Thomas M. Frost, Robert E. Ulanowicz, Steve C. Blomenshine, Timothy F. H. AllenTerrestrial Perspectives on Issues of Scale in Experimental Ecology, by Anthony W. King, Robert H. Gardner, Colleen A. Hatfield, Shahid Naeem, John E. PIssues of Scale in Land-Margin Ecosystems, by Walter R. Boynton, James D. Hagy, and Denise L. BreitburgScaling Issues in Marine Experimental Ecosystems: The Role of Patchiness, by David L. Scheurer, David C. Schneider, and Lawrence P. Sanford
Robert H. Gardner is a professor of environmental science at the Appalachian Laboratory of the University of Maryland's Center for Environmental Studies. W. Michael Kemp and Victor S. Kennedy are professors at Horn Point Laboratory of the University of Maryland's Center for Environmental Studies. John E. Peterson is an assistant professor of environmental studies at Oberlin College.