About this book
The practitioner or researcher often faces complex alternatives when selecting a method to characterize properties governing a soil process. After years of research and development, environmental and agricultural professionals now have an array of methods for characterizing soil processes. Well-established methods, however, may not be suitable for the specific conditions of a study since many soil characteristics are intrinsically variable. An objective, integrated approach for soil characterization is needed to more effectively quantify parameters.
Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization goes beyond technical guidance and addresses the complicating factors such as spatial and temporal variability of soil processes, scale issues, soil structure, and the trade-offs between methods. It focuses on advanced methods for the monitoring and modeling of mass transfer processes in soil. Expert contributors present limitations to well-known methods and alternatives, discussing their practical applications for characterization efforts, evaluating strengths and weaknesses, and focusing on a reduced set of selected techniques. Three in-depth sections cover everything from multidisciplinary approaches for assessing subsurface non-point source pollution to techniques for characterizing water and energy balances at the soil-plant-atmosphere interface, field methods for monitoring soil water status, and computer models for characterizing the effect of chemicals in soil.
This one-source reference is transforming method selection and our understanding of the principles, advantages, and limitations of the available monitoring techniques. Written in a simple and straightforward manner, Soil-Water-Solute Process Characterization is a detailed cookbook and a useful, practical reference for students, practitioners, and researchers.
Preface: Soil Characterization, an Integrated Approach, R. Mu?oz-Carpena and J. lvarez-Bened?,INTEGRATION OF SOIL PROCESS CHARACTERIZATIONMultidisciplinary Approach for Assessing Subsurface Non-Point Source Pollution, D. L. Corwin and K. LoagueSpatial and Temporal Variability of Soil Processes: Implications for Method Selection and Characterization Studies, C.G. Campbell and F. GarridoModeling as a Tool for the Characterization of Soil Water and Chemical Fate and Transport, J. lvarez-Bened?, R. Mu?oz-Carpena, and M. VancloosterSOIL AND PHYSICAL PROCESSES: ENERGY AND WATERTechniques for Characterizing Water and Energy Balance at the Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Interface, M.J. Polo, J.V. Gir?ldez, M.P. Gonz?lez, and K. VanderlindenField Methods for Monitoring Soil Water Status, R. Mu?oz-Carpena, A. Ritter, and D. BoschMeasurement and Characterization of Soil Hydraulic Properties, W.D. Reynolds and D.E. ElrickUnraveling Microscale Flow and Pore Geometry: NMRI and X-Ray Tomography, M. Deurer and B.E. ClothierPreferential Flow: Identification and Quantification, A. Shirmohammadi, H. Montas, L. Bergstr/m, A. Sadeghi, and D. BoschSOIL AND SOLUTES PROCESSESField Methods for Monitoring Solute Transport, M. Tuller and M.R. IslamTime Domain Reflectometry as an Alternative in Solute Transport Studies, I. Vogeler, S. Green, and B.E. ClothierCharacterization of Solute Transport through Miscible Displacement Experiments, J. lvarez-Bened?,C.M. Regalado, A. Ritter, and S. BoladoMethods to Determine Sorption of Pesticides and Other Organic Compounds, J. Cornejo, M.C. Hermos?n, R. Celis, and L. CoxMethods for Measuring Soil-Surface Gas Fluxes, P. Rochette and S.M. McGinnChemical Methods for Soil and Water Characterization, Y. Li, M. Zhou, and J. ZhaoSOIL AND MICROORGANISMSEvaluation and Characterization of Soil Microbiological Processes, M. Pell and J. Stenstr/mSPATIAL VARIABILITY AND SCALE ISSUESGeostatistical Procedures for Characterizing Soil Processes, M. Van Meirvenne, L. Vernaillen, A. Douaik, N.E.C. Verhoest, and M. CallensSoil Variability Assessment with Fractal Techniques, A.N. Kravchenko and Y.A. PachepskyGeospatial Measurements of Apparent Soil Electrical Conductivity for Characterizing Soil Spatial Variability, D.L. CorwinMODELING TOOLSAssessment of Uncertainty Associated with the Extent of Simulation Processes from Point to Catchment: Application to 1d-Pesticide Leaching Models, M. Trevisan and C. VischettiInverse Modeling Techniques to Characterize Transport Processes in the Soil-Crop Continuum, S. Lambot, M. Javaux, F. Hupet, and M. VancloosterComputer Models for Characterizing the Fate of Chemicals in Soil: Pesticide Leaching Models and Their Practical Applications, P. Jantunen, M. Trevisan, and E. Capri